Jean-Marc Navenot

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CXCR4 is a G protein-coupled receptor for stromal-derived factor 1 (SDF-1) that plays a critical role in leukocyte trafficking, metastasis of mammary carcinoma, and human immunodeficiency virus type-1 infection. To elucidate the mechanism for CXCR4 activation, a constitutively active mutant (CAM) was derived by coupling the receptor to the pheromone(More)
The product of the KiSS-1 gene is absent or expressed at low level in metastatic melanoma and breast cancer compared with their nonmetastatic counterparts. A polypeptide derived from the KiSS-1 product, designated kisspeptin-10 (Kp-10), activates a receptor coupled to Galphaq subunits (GPR54 or KiSS-1R). To study the mechanism by which Kp-10 antagonizes(More)
Stromal cell derived factor-1 (SDF-1 or CXCL12) and its receptor CXCR4 are involved in the directional homing to the bone marrow niches and in peripheral mobilization of normal and transformed hematopoietic stem and myeloid progenitor cells. Elevated CXCR4 expression confers poor prognosis, whereas inhibition of CXCR4 signaling overcomes stroma-mediated(More)
In many biological systems, the interactions that describe the coupling between different units in a genetic network are nonlinear and stochastic. We study the interplay between stochasticity and nonlinearity using the responses of Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) mammalian cells to different temperature shocks. The experimental data show that the mean value(More)
The powerful metastasis suppressor function of KiSS1 gene products has been demonstrated in both clinical studies and experimental models, but its mechanism is still incompletely understood. Studies on the antimetastatic function of KiSS1 and GPR54 largely focused on the autocrine inhibition of cell motility, despite experimental evidence of an alternative(More)
CXCR4, the primary receptor for CXCL12, plays a critical role in the development of hematopoietic, vascular, central nervous, and immune systems by mediating directional migration of precursor cells. This mechanism promotes homing of tumor cells to metastatic sites that secrete CXCL12, and CXCR4 expression is a negative prognostic factor in acute(More)
Kisspeptins, endogenous peptide ligands for GPR54, play an important role in GnRH secretion. Since in vivo administration of kisspeptins induces increased plasma LH levels, GPR54 agonists hold promise as therapeutic agents for the treatment of hormonal secretion diseases. To facilitate the design of novel potent GPR54 ligands, residues in kisspeptins that(More)
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