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BACKGROUND The KISS1 protein suppresses metastasis of several tumor models without blocking orthotopic tumor growth, but the mechanism remains elusive. For its role in human sexual maturation, KISS1 protein is secreted and processed to kisspeptins, which bind to the G protein-coupled receptor GPR54. We tested the hypothesis that KISS1 secretion is required(More)
CCR5 is a G protein-coupled receptor for RANTES, MIP-1alpha, MIP-1beta, and MCP-2 that functions as the front line coreceptor for human immunodeficiency virus type 1 infection. To elucidate the mechanism for CCR5 activation, this coreceptor was expressed in yeast coupled to the pheromone response pathway and a constitutively active mutant (CAM) was derived(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify new molecular diagnostic markers for non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) by analyzing microRNA (miRNA) expression profile differences in samples from NSCLC patients and adults with nonneoplastic diseases. STUDY DESIGN miRNA expression was studied in archival formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissues by microarray and confirmed by(More)
CXCR4 is a G protein-coupled receptor for stromal-derived factor 1 (SDF-1) that plays a critical role in leukocyte trafficking, metastasis of mammary carcinoma, and human immunodeficiency virus type-1 infection. To elucidate the mechanism for CXCR4 activation, a constitutively active mutant (CAM) was derived by coupling the receptor to the pheromone(More)
Stromal cell derived factor-1 (SDF-1 or CXCL12) and its receptor CXCR4 are involved in the directional homing to the bone marrow niches and in peripheral mobilization of normal and transformed hematopoietic stem and myeloid progenitor cells. Elevated CXCR4 expression confers poor prognosis, whereas inhibition of CXCR4 signaling overcomes stroma-mediated(More)
Metastin has been identified as a metastasis suppressor gene product that mediates its function through a G protein coupled receptor, GPR54. To refine insight into the critical pharmacophore for the activation of GPR54, we have conducted alanine and d-amino acid scanning on a biologically active metastin fragment (45-54). Based on these data and structures(More)
The product of the KiSS-1 gene is absent or expressed at low level in metastatic melanoma and breast cancer compared with their nonmetastatic counterparts. A polypeptide derived from the KiSS-1 product, designated kisspeptin-10 (Kp-10), activates a receptor coupled to Galphaq subunits (GPR54 or KiSS-1R). To study the mechanism by which Kp-10 antagonizes(More)
The mechanism of action of the metastasis suppressor KiSS1 and its receptor GPR54 is still incompletely characterized. Although the loss of KiSS1 expression by tumor cells has been associated with a metastatic phenotype, the nature of the cellular target of the secreted kisspeptins is unknown. Although an autocrine model of action has been generally(More)
The powerful metastasis suppressor function of KiSS1 gene products has been demonstrated in both clinical studies and experimental models, but its mechanism is still incompletely understood. Studies on the antimetastatic function of KiSS1 and GPR54 largely focused on the autocrine inhibition of cell motility, despite experimental evidence of an alternative(More)
CXCR4, the primary receptor for CXCL12, plays a critical role in the development of hematopoietic, vascular, central nervous, and immune systems by mediating directional migration of precursor cells. This mechanism promotes homing of tumor cells to metastatic sites that secrete CXCL12, and CXCR4 expression is a negative prognostic factor in acute(More)