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It is widely believed that rolling lymphocytes require successive chemokine-induced signaling for lymphocyte function-associated antigen 1 (LFA-1) to achieve a threshold avidity that will mediate lymphocyte arrest. Using an in vivo model of lymphocyte arrest, we show here that LFA-1-mediated arrest of lymphocytes rolling on high endothelial venules bearing(More)
Blood-borne lymphocyte trafficking to peripheral lymph nodes (PLNs) depends on the successful initiation of rolling interactions mediated by L-selectin binding to sialomucin ligands in high endothelial venules (HEVs). Biochemical analysis of purified L-selectin ligands has identified posttranslational modifications mediated by Core2GlcNAcT-I and high(More)
Fever is an evolutionarily conserved response during acute inflammation, although its physiological benefit is poorly understood. Here we show thermal stress in the range of fever temperatures increased the intravascular display of two 'gatekeeper' homing molecules, intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1) and CCL21 chemokine, exclusively in high(More)
The interaction of L-selectin on lymphocytes with sulfated ligands on high endothelial venules leads to rolling and is critical for recruitment of lymphocytes into peripheral lymph nodes. Peripheral node addressin represents a class of L-selectin ligands recognized by the function-blocking monoclonal antibody MECA-79. Its epitope overlaps with sialyl(More)
Lymphocyte homing is mediated by specific interaction between L-selectin on lymphocytes and the carbohydrate ligand 6-sulfo sialyl Lewis X on high endothelial venules. Here we generated mice lacking both core 1 extension and core 2 branching enzymes to assess the functions of O-glycan-borne L-selectin ligands in vivo. Mutant mice maintained robust(More)
Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) and its receptor S1P1 control T-cell egress from thymus and secondary lymphoid organs (SLOs). To further define the role of S1P1 in lymphocyte trafficking, we performed adoptive transfer experiments and intravital microscopy (IVM) using both S1P1-/- lymphocytes and recipient wild-type (WT) mice treated with FTY720, an(More)
The interaction of L-selectin expressed on lymphocytes with sulfated sialomucin ligands such as CD34 and GlyCAM-1 on high endothelial venules (HEV) of lymph nodes results in lymphocyte rolling and is essential for lymphocyte recruitment. HEC-GlcNAc6ST-deficient mice lack an HEV-restricted sulfotransferase with selectivity for the C-6 position of(More)
BACKGROUND Two types of Blake chest drains are used by our cardiac surgeons for management of their patients after thoracic surgery. The drain can be longitudinally split by the surgeon resulting in a limb of the drain in each thoracic cavity. A split flat Blake drain has two radiopaque limbs and a split round Blake drain has a radiopaque limb and a less(More)
Purpose: The purpose of this project is to develop a curriculum to teach radiology residents communication skills through simulation. Communication skills are a core competency for which radiology residents must be evaluated. As Radiology has moved from " film " to PACS, opportunities for direct communication between Radiologists and referring clinicians(More)
PURPOSE Accurate staging of neuroblastoma requires multiple imaging examinations. The purpose of this study was to determine the relative contribution of 99m Tc-methylene diphosphonate (MDP) bone scintigraphy (bone scan) versus metaiodobenzylguanidine scintigraphy (MIBG scan) for accurate staging of neuroblastoma. METHODS A medical record search by the(More)