Jean-Marc Lancelin

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The sequencing of the genome of Arabidopsis thaliana revealed that this plant contained numerous isoforms of thioredoxin (Trx), a protein involved in thiol-disulfide exchanges. On the basis of sequence comparison, seven putative chloroplastic Trxs have been identified, four belonging to the m-type, two belonging to the f-type, and one belonging to a new(More)
New peptides have been isolated from the sea anemone Anemonia sulcata which inhibit competitively the binding of 125I-dendrotoxin I (a classical ligand for K+ channel) to rat brain membranes and behave as blockers of voltage-sensitive K+ channels. Sea anemone kalicludines are 58-59-amino acid peptides cross-linked with three disulfide bridges. They are(More)
Plipastatins A and B are antifungal antibiotics belonging to a family of lipopeptides capable of inhibiting phospholipase A(2) (PLA(2)) and are biosynthesised under certain circumstances by Bacillus subtilis. U-(15)N plipastatins A and B were obtained from cultures of the strain NCIB 8872 on a Landy medium modified for stable-isotope labelling by the(More)
The amino acid sequence of mu-conotoxin GIIIA (otherwise called geographutoxin I), a peptide having 22 amino acid residues with three disulfide bridges, was modified by replacing each residue with Ala or Lys to elucidate its active center for blocking sodium channels of skeletal muscle. NMR and CD spectra were virtually identical between native and modified(More)
Programmed cell death (PCD) has a key role in defence and development of all multicellular organisms. In plants, there is a large gap in our knowledge of the molecular machinery involved at the various stages of PCD, especially the early steps. Here, we identify kiss of death (KOD) encoding a 25-amino-acid peptide that activates a PCD pathway in Arabidopsis(More)
The gram-positive bacterium Streptomyces noursei ATCC 11455 produces a complex mixture of polyene macrolides generally termed nystatins. Although the structures for nystatins A(1) and A(3) have been reported, the identities of other components of the nystatin complex remain obscure. Analyses of the culture extract from the S. noursei wild type revealed the(More)
Peroxiredoxins (Prxs) constitute a family of thiol peroxidases that reduce hydrogen peroxide, peroxinitrite, and hydroperoxides using a strictly conserved cysteine. Very abundant in all organisms, Prxs are produced as diverse isoforms characterized by different catalytic mechanisms and various thiol-containing reducing agents. The oligomeric state of Prxs(More)
NMR structures of a new toxin from the scorpion Leiurus quinquestriatus hebraeus (Lqh III) have been investigated in conjunction with its pharmacological properties. This toxin is proposed to belong to a new group of scorpion toxins, the alpha-like toxins that target voltage-gated sodium channels with specific properties compared with the classical(More)
The disruption of the two thioredoxin genes in Saccharomyces cerevisiae leads to a complex phenotype, including the inability to use methionine sulfoxide as sulfur source, modified cell cycle parameters, reduced H(2)O(2) tolerance, and inability to use sulfate as sulfur source. Expression of one of the multiple Arabidopsis thaliana thioredoxins h in this(More)
In many vertebrate tissues, cytosolic 5'-nucleotidase II (cN-II) either hydrolyses or phosphorylates a number of purine (monophosphorylated) nucleosides through a scheme common to the Haloacid Dehalogenase superfamily members. It possesses a pivotal role in purine cellular metabolism and it acts on anti-tumoural and antiviral nucleoside analogues, thus(More)