Jean-Marc Guettier

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Impaired functioning of pancreatic beta cells is a key hallmark of type 2 diabetes. beta cell function is modulated by the actions of different classes of heterotrimeric G proteins. The functional consequences of activating specific beta cell G protein signaling pathways in vivo are not well understood at present, primarily due to the fact that beta cell G(More)
We are creating families of designer G protein–coupled receptors (GPCRs) to allow for precise spatiotemporal control of GPCR signaling in vivo. These engineered GPCRs, called receptors activated solely by synthetic ligands (RASSLs), are unresponsive to endogenous ligands but can be activated by nanomolar concentrations of pharmacologically inert, drug-like(More)
Here, we describe a newly generated transgenic mouse in which the Gs DREADD (rM3Ds), an engineered G protein-coupled receptor, is selectively expressed in striatopallidal medium spiny neurons (MSNs). We first show that in vitro, rM3Ds can couple to Gαolf and induce cAMP accumulation in cultured neurons and HEK-T cells. The rM3Ds was then selectively and(More)
CONTEXT Selective intraarterial calcium injection of the major pancreatic arteries with hepatic venous sampling [calcium arterial stimulation (CaStim)] has been used as a localizing tool for insulinomas at the National Institutes of Health (NIH) since 1989. The accuracy of this technique for localizing insulinomas was reported for all cases until 1996. (More)
Skeletal dysplasias are common disabling disorders characterized by aberrant growth of bone and cartilage leading to abnormal skeletal structures and functions, often attributable to defects in skeletal progenitor cells. The underlying molecular and cellular mechanisms of most skeletal dysplasias remain elusive. Although the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway(More)
The Chennai Urban Population Study investigates a South Indian population with a high prevalence of cardiovascular disease associated with the metabolic syndrome (MS). The Ala54Thr polymorphism in the fatty acid-binding protein 2 (FABP2) gene as well as the T-455C and C-482T polymorphisms in the apolipoprotein C-III (APOC3) gene promoter have been(More)
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS Partial lipodystrophy (PL) is most commonly characterized by loss of subcutaneous fat in the extremities with preservation of truncal fat and is associated with insulin resistance, diabetes and hyperlipidaemia. Recombinant human leptin (r-metHuLeptin) therapy has been shown to be effective in treating metabolic abnormalities associated with(More)
Impaired function of pancreatic β-cells is one of the hallmarks of type 2 diabetes. β-cell function is regulated by the activity of many hormones and neurotransmitters, which bind to specific cell surface receptors. The M(3) muscarinic acetylcholine receptor (M3R) belongs to the superfamily of G protein-coupled receptors and, following ligand dependent(More)
Insulinomas are rare neuroendocrine tumors of pancreatic islet cells that retain the ability to produce and secrete insulin. In contrast to normally differentiated β-cells, insulinoma cells continue to secrete insulin and proinsulin at low blood glucose. This deregulated insulin secretion manifests clinically as fasting hypoglycemia. The molecular pathways(More)
CONTEXT An end of fast insulin ≥ 3 μIU/mL and a proinsulin concentration ≥ 5 pmol/L have been suggested as useful cutoffs for the diagnosis of insulinoma. OBJECTIVE The main objective was to evaluate the diagnostic performance of an end of fast insulin concentration ≥ 3 μIU/mL and an end of fast proinsulin concentration ≥ 5 pmol/L. DESIGN The design was(More)