Jean-Marc Gion

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The genetic basis of growth traits has been widely studied in forest trees. Quantitative trait locus (QTL) studies have highlighted the presence of both stable and unstable genomic regions accounting for biomass production with respect to tree age and genetic background, but results remain scarce regarding the interplay between QTLs and the environment. In(More)
BACKGROUND In a context of climate change, phenotypic plasticity provides long-lived species, such as trees, with the means to adapt to environmental variations occurring within a single generation. In eucalyptus plantations, water availability is a key factor limiting productivity. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying the adaptation of eucalyptus(More)
The availability of a large expressed sequence tags (EST) resource and recent advances in high-throughput genotyping technology have made it possible to develop highly multiplexed SNP arrays for multi-objective genetic applications, including the construction of meiotic maps. Such approaches are particularly useful in species with a large genome size,(More)
BACKGROUND Eucalyptus is an important genus in industrial plantations throughout the world and is grown for use as timber, pulp, paper and charcoal. Several breeding programmes have been launched worldwide to concomitantly improve growth performance and wood properties (WPs). In this study, an interspecific cross between Eucalyptus urophylla and E. grandis(More)
Lignin content and composition are considered as mandatory traits of eucalyptus breeding programs, especially for pulp, paper, and bioenergy production. In this article, we used 33 Eucalyptus urophylla full-sib families of an 8 × 8 factorial design to provide estimates of genetic parameters for lignin- and growth-related traits. Secondly, from the(More)
Meiotic recombination is a fundamental evolutionary process. It not only generates diversity, but influences the efficacy of natural selection and genome evolution. There can be significant heterogeneity in recombination rates within and between species, however this variation is not well understood outside of a few model taxa, particularly in forest trees.(More)
There is an urgent need to determine the adaptive potential of forest trees given their importance in ecosystem functioning and the associated ecological and economic services they provide. Indeed, underestimating rapid adaptation could lead to unnecessary recommendations such as the use of non-native (and perhaps non-adapted) genetic material for(More)
The cuticle is a hydrophobic barrier located at the aerial surface of all terrestrial plants. Recent studies performed on model plants, such as Arabidopsis thaliana, have suggested that the cuticle may be involved in drought stress adaptation, preventing non-stomatal water loss. Although forest trees will face more intense drought stresses (in duration and(More)
Lignin is a major chemical compound of wood and one of the most abundant organic biopolymers on earth. It accumulates in the secondary cell wall of xylem cells and is a major target for tree breeders because of its foreseen role in the emerging bioeconomy. In this study, we paved the way toward an accelerated domestication of a widely grown tree species,(More)
EucaMaps is a web-based application that provides genetic linkage maps of Eucalyptus and Corymbia species, their orthologous relationships and the position of 267 published QTLs, hyperlinked to the Eucalyptus grandis genome sequence of BRASUZ1. EucaMaps makes an ideal springboard to relate results on the genetic architecture of several quantitative traits(More)