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OBJECTIVE To evaluate the efficiency of mitoxantrone in multiple sclerosis. METHODS Forty two patients with confirmed multiple sclerosis, selected as having a very active disease on clinical and MRI criteria were randomised to receive either mitoxantrone (20 mg intravenously (IV) monthly) and methylprednisolone (1 g iv monthly) or methylprednisolone alone(More)
The subjects of this double-blind study were 18 elderly men and women (mean age, 69.3 years) with slight age-related memory impairment. In a crossover-study design, each subject received placebo or an extract of Ginkgo biloba (EGb 761) (320 mg or 600 mg) 1 hour before performing a dual-coding test that measures the speed of information processing; the test(More)
Piribedil is a dopamine agonist acting on D2 and D3 central nervous system dopamine receptors. This drug has been administered to 12 young healthy male volunteers (age 22 +/- 2 years) according to a single center randomized, double-blind, two ways cross-over, placebo controlled trial, including a washout period of one week. Placebo and piribedil were(More)
OBJECTIVE In elderly patients, both falls and impaired memory are considerable medical problems. Hypnotics, which are frequently administered to this patient group for the treatment of insomnia, should ideally not impair equilibrium or memory functions. This double-blind, randomised, four-way, cross-over study investigated the effects of frequently(More)
One of the aims of cognitive psychology is to breakdown complex tasks into their most basic components. The components of explicit (declarative) and implicit (procedural) memory were thus analyzed in undemented, non-depressed Parkinsonian patients under anti-Parkinsonian treatment, and compared with young and elderly healthy subjects. Three series of(More)
The respective effects of three antidepressant drugs (moclobemide, 450 mg/j; viloxazine, 300 mg/j; maprotiline, 150 mg/j) on vigilance, attention, and memory were compared. Young depressed outpatients (n = 46) entered a double-blind, randomized, monocentre clinical trial lasting for 6 weeks. Drug actions were assessed through the regular determination of(More)
We assessed the preference of insomniac patients between a single dose of 10 mg zolpidem or zaleplon, respectively, administered in random order on two consecutive nights. Fifty-three patients (mean age 52.2 years, 51% females) with a history of recurrent episodes of insomnia and currently complaining of difficulties in falling asleep were included into a(More)
The olfactory bulbectomized (OB) rat is a well-accepted animal model of depression. The present magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) investigation demonstrates alterations in signal intensities in cortical, hippocampal, caudate and amygdaloid regions in OB animals, but not in sham operated controls. Ventricular enlargement was also evident in OB animals. These(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with depression often have cognitive and psychomotor performance impairments. Antidepressive treatments can correct these deficits, provided sedative and anticholinergic adverse effects do not add to the preexisting condition, particularly in elderly patients. Newly developed antidepressants therefore should be without deleterious(More)
Thirty five subjects (age: 45-69 years) with subjective memory loss, without any other neuropsychiatric or somatic disease, were recruited in a phase II study. This double blind randomized versus placebo controlled study compared the effects of minaprine (200 mg/d) with placebo, in two parallel groups, during 2 months, on memory, attention and vigilance.(More)