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OBJECTIVE To evaluate the efficiency of mitoxantrone in multiple sclerosis. METHODS Forty two patients with confirmed multiple sclerosis, selected as having a very active disease on clinical and MRI criteria were randomised to receive either mitoxantrone (20 mg intravenously (IV) monthly) and methylprednisolone (1 g iv monthly) or methylprednisolone alone(More)
The subjects of this double-blind study were 18 elderly men and women (mean age, 69.3 years) with slight age-related memory impairment. In a crossover-study design, each subject received placebo or an extract of Ginkgo biloba (EGb 761) (320 mg or 600 mg) 1 hour before performing a dual-coding test that measures the speed of information processing; the test(More)
Amisulpride, a substituted benzamide, binds selectively to the dopamine D2- and D3-receptors. It has higher affinity for limbic compared to striatal dopamine receptors in vivo. At low doses, amisulpride facilitates dopamine transmission via a selective blockade of presynaptic D2- and D3-receptors. Amisulpride is an active antipsychotic compound effective at(More)
Tiapride is a substituted benzamide with selective dopamine D2 and D3-antagonist properties which appears to have preferential affinity for extra-striatal dopamine receptors. Tiapride is used in the treatment of agitation, aggressiveness and anxiety in the elderly. To define the effects of a single dose of tiapride 100 mg on psychomotor performance and(More)
Venlafaxine is currently marketed for treatment of depressive disorders as a conventional tablet formulation with a twice or three times daily dosage regimen. The absolute bioavailability of the conventional (CF) and extended-release (XR) formulations and their effects on electroencephalograms (EEG) and on a visual analog scale (VAS) for nausea were(More)
BACKGROUND Silymarin is a well-known hepatoprotective agent. Tacrine, the first drug marketed for Alzheimer's disease (AD), induces an elevation of serum liver transaminase prohibiting an effective dosage in many patients. This 12-week randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled study was undertaken to evaluate the ability of silymarin to antagonise or(More)
Piribedil is a dopamine agonist acting on D2 and D3 central nervous system dopamine receptors. This drug has been administered to 12 young healthy male volunteers (age 22 +/- 2 years) according to a single center randomized, double-blind, two ways cross-over, placebo controlled trial, including a washout period of one week. Placebo and piribedil were(More)
We noninvasively investigated the effects of a single 30-min i.v. infusion of a 2-mg dose of niravoline, a new selective kappa-opioid agonist, on systemic and regional (brachial artery) hemodynamics, on plasma levels of the main hormones regulating the cardiovascular system, on diuresis and on plasma and urinary osmolalities and electrolytes. This was a(More)
AIMS Levocetirizine (R-cetirizine), is the active enantiomer of cetirizine, an antihistamine indicated in the treatment of allergic rhinitis and chronic idiopathic urticaria. The purpose of this trial was to analyse the effects of levocetirizine single and multiple doses on CNS using integrated measures of cognitive and psychometric performance. METHODS A(More)