Jean-Marc Bernard

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BACKGROUND Although addition of clonidine to local anesthetics can prolong pain relief after peripheral nerve block, a dose-range effect has not been determined. METHODS Fifty-six outpatients undergoing carpal tunnel release were randomly assigned to receive in a double-blind fashion 45 ml of a mixture containing either 400 mg lidocaine plus saline or 400(More)
Clonidine, an alpha 2 adrenoreceptor agonist, has nonopiate antinociceptive properties, which might be an alternative for postoperative analgesia free of opioid-induced side effects. To document the analgesic properties of intravenous clonidine during the postoperative period, 50 ASA physical status 1 patients, immediately after spinal fusion, were randomly(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES A rabbit chronic model has been developed for investigation of epidural anesthesia without surgery. METHODS A catheter was implanted via a nontraumatic route in the lumbar epidural space between the apex coccis sacri and the first vertebra coccygea after a 1-cm incision was made in the skin at the root of the tail. The ligamentum(More)
Short-term infusion of nicardipine can be used to induce deliberate hypotension but may result in plasma drug accumulation. To assess long-term nicardipine administration for deliberate hypotension in 10 patients in a moderately hemodiluted state who were undergoing spinal surgery, hemodynamics and plasma nicardipine concentrations were concomitantly(More)
Both epidural and intravenous clonidine are used to provide postoperative analgesia, but in predetermined doses. This double-blind randomized study was designed to 1) determine the clonidine dose inducing pain relief after major orthopedic surgery, when controlled by patient, either intravenously or epidurally; and 2) assess whether these two administration(More)
1. The use of continuous infusion anaesthesia has only been of interest since the development of short-acting, less cumulative and less toxic drugs. 2. This study aimed to compare pharmacokinetics and haemodynamic effects during and after long time methohexitone constant rate infusion. Sixteen patients were given either 60 or 90 micrograms kg-1 min-1(More)
To induce deliberate hypotension during anesthesia, nicardipine was administered to patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty and was randomly compared with nitroprusside. Hemodynamic measurements were performed before and 10, 20, 30, and 60 min after starting to administer either nicardipine (n = 12) or nitroprusside (n = 12) (B, T1, T2, T3, and T4,(More)
UNLABELLED To determine the minimal sufentanil concentration required to improve the quality of patient-controlled epidural analgesia during labor, we compared the efficacy of a combination of 0.125% bupivacaine with 1:800,000 epinephrine and different concentrations of sufentanil in a double-blinded randomized study. Concentrations were no sufentanil (n =(More)