Jean-Marc Alessandri

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Long-chain polyunsaturated (n-3) fatty acids have been reported to influence the efficiency of membrane receptors, transporters and enzymes. Because the brain is particularly rich in docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, 22:6 n-3), the present study addresses the question of whether the 22:6 n-3 fatty acid deficiency induces disorder in regulation of energy metabolism(More)
Several in vivo studies suggest that docosahexaenoic acid (22:6 n-3), the main n-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFA) of brain membranes, could be an important regulator of brain energy metabolism by affecting glucose utilization and the density of the two isoforms of the glucose transporter-1 (GLUT1) (endothelial and astrocytic). This study(More)
Omega-3 (ω3) polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) are major components of brain cells membranes. ω3 PUFA-deficient rodents exhibit severe cognitive impairments (learning, memory) that have been linked to alteration of brain glucose utilization or to changes in neurotransmission processes. ω3 PUFA supplementation has been shown to lower anxiety and to improve(More)
Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), the main n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) in membranes, is particularly abundant in brain cells. Decreased cerebral concentrations of DHA, resulting from dietary n-3 deficiency, are associated with impaired cognitive function. Because the cellular causes of this impairment are still unknown, we need in vitro models that(More)
n-3 Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) support whole brain energy metabolism but their impact on neuroenergetics in specific brain areas and during neuronal activation is still poorly understood. We tested the effect of feeding rats as control, n-3 PUFA-deficient diet, or docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)-supplemented diet on the expression of key genes in(More)
Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) are crucial for proper functioning of cell membranes, particularly in brain. Biologically important PUFA include docosahexaenoic acid (n-3 series) and arachidonic acid (n-6 series) which can be formed from their respective dietary essential precursors, alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) and linoleic acid (LA). Steroid hormones are(More)
BACKGROUND Functional maturation of nervous tissues depends on membrane accretion of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). Animal studies have shown that incorporation of dietary DHA into membrane phospholipids is dose dependent. The molecular effects of DHA are commonly studied in cultured cells, but questions remain about the physiologic connection between animal(More)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) are members of the nuclear receptor superfamily and function as transcription factors that regulate gene expression in numerous biological processes. Although the PPARβ/δ subtype is highly expressed in the brain, its physiological roles in neuronal function remain to be elucidated. In this study, we(More)
The mRNA expression levels of acyl-CoA oxidase (AOX), a key enzyme in very-long-chain fatty acid peroxisomal oxidation, and of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-delta (PPAR-delta), a nuclear receptor possibly involved in the gene regulation of brain lipid metabolism, were determined in human Y79 retinoblastoma cells by using real-time quantitative(More)
The particular interest in supplementing human foods with n-3 fatty acids has arisen from the findings that this series of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) have an impact on neuronal functions. Indeed vertebrates, including humans, preferentially use docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, 22:6n-3) over other long-chain n-3 PUFA for the genesis of their neuronal and(More)
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