Jean M. Lauder

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Three defining clinical symptoms of autism are aberrant reciprocal social interactions, deficits in social communication, and repetitive behaviors, including motor stereotypies and insistence on sameness. We developed a set of behavioral tasks designed to model components of these core symptoms in mice. Male mice from 10 inbred strains were characterized in(More)
The development of central serotonergic neurons has been examined immunocytochemically utilizing an antiserum to serotonin (5-HT). Cells of the B4-B9 complex are first detected early on embryonic day 13 (E13; 7 mm crown rump length, CRL) and increase rapidly in number through E15 when they appear as bilateral columns situated from just caudal to the(More)
In the adult nervous system, neurotransmitters act as chemical mediators of intercellular communication by the activation of specific receptors and second messengers in postsynaptic cells. This specialized role may have evolved from more primitive functions in lower organisms where these substances were used as both intra- and intercellular signalling(More)
Prenatal development of the GABAergic system in the rat brain has been studied using an antiserum to GABA-glutaraldehyde-hemocyanin conjugates, specific for GABAergic neurons. The gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) system has been found to differentiate very early relative to other transmitter-identified neurons, such that by embryonic day 13 a well developed(More)
Profound impairment in social interaction is a core symptom of autism, a severe neurodevelopmental disorder. Deficits can include a lack of interest in social contact and low levels of approach and proximity to other children. In this study, a three-chambered choice task was used to evaluate sociability and social novelty preference in five lines of mice(More)
The serotonergic system is an early forming component of the CNS circuitry, beginning its development on gestational days 11-12 in the rat. Owing to its early presence in the embryonic nervous system, 5-HT has been proposed to act as a developmental signal for receptive cells. In vivo and in vitro evidence that 5-HT can influence both biochemical and(More)
Synaptogenesis was studied in the monoamine (MA) cell groups locus coeruleus (LC), dorsal and medial raphe nuclei (RN) and substantia nigra, zona compacta (SN) between day 18 of gestation and postnatal day 60 using ethanolic phosphotungstic acid (E-PTA) to visualize synaptic profiles. Nuclear area, and cellular packing density (inversely proportional to(More)
Although glucagonlike immunoreactants (GLIs) are present in the central nervous system of several mammalian species, their structural relationship with pancreatic proglucagon is not defined, and their precise anatomical distribution has not been studied extensively. To obtain further information about the structure and biological significance of brain GLIs,(More)
Autism is a complex, behaviorally defined, developmental brain disorder with an estimated prevalence of 1 in 1,000. It is now clear that autism is not a disease, but a syndrome with a strong genetic component. The etiology of autism is poorly defined both at the cellular and the molecular levels. Based on the fact that seizure activity is frequently(More)
The hypothesis that serotonin (5-HT) influences the onset of differentiation (cessation of division) of prospective 5-HT target neurons during embryogenesis was tested by administering the 5-HT depleting drug p-chlorophenylalanine (pCPA) to pregnant rats and dating the time of last cell division for fetal neurons using long survival 3H-thymidine(More)