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Three defining clinical symptoms of autism are aberrant reciprocal social interactions, deficits in social communication, and repetitive behaviors, including motor stereotypies and insistence on sameness. We developed a set of behavioral tasks designed to model components of these core symptoms in mice. Male mice from 10 inbred strains were characterized in(More)
The development of central serotonergic neurons has been examined immunocytochemically utilizing an antiserum to serotonin (5-HT). Cells of the B4-B9 complex are first detected early on embryonic day 13 (E13; 7 mm crown rump length, CRL) and increase rapidly in number through E15 when they appear as bilateral columns situated from just caudal to the(More)
In the adult nervous system, neurotransmitters act as chemical mediators of intercellular communication by the activation of specific receptors and second messengers in postsynaptic cells. This specialized role may have evolved from more primitive functions in lower organisms where these substances were used as both intra- and intercellular signalling(More)
Techniques of in situ hybridization histochemistry, Northern blot hybridization, and immunocytochemistry were used to investigate the biosynthesis of glucagon-like immunoreactants (GLIs) in rat brain. Cells in the nucleus tractus solitarius of the medulla oblongata of adult rat brain hybridized to a synthetic oligonucleotide probe (GLP-I oligomer)(More)
  • J M Lauder
  • 1990
The serotonergic system is an early forming component of the CNS circuitry, beginning its development on gestational days 11-12 in the rat. Owing to its early presence in the embryonic nervous system, 5-HT has been proposed to act as a developmental signal for receptive cells. In vivo and in vitro evidence that 5-HT can influence both biochemical and(More)
The problem of pre-nervous neurotransmitter systems arose from studies carried out on different groups of invertebrates and vertebrates in the late 1950s to early 1960s. These investigations were motivated by an hypothesis formulated by K. S. Koshtoyants concerning the similarity between pre-nervous control processes and neuronal functions. Here, we review(More)
During craniofacial development in the mouse embryo (days 9-12 of gestation; plug day = day 1), transient expression of serotonin (5-HT) uptake in epithelial structures of this region correlates with critical morphogenetic events (Lauder et al., '88; Shuey, '91; Shuey et al., '89, '92). The purpose of the present investigation was to assess the possible(More)
Autism is a complex, behaviorally defined, developmental brain disorder with an estimated prevalence of 1 in 1,000. It is now clear that autism is not a disease, but a syndrome with a strong genetic component. The etiology of autism is poorly defined both at the cellular and the molecular levels. Based on the fact that seizure activity is frequently(More)
The development of cholinergic neurons in the mouse forebrain was studied by immunocytochemistry with a monoclonal antibody to choline acetyltransferase (ChAT), the rate-limiting enzyme for acetylcholine synthesis. Since this antibody stained dividing cells in ventricular germinal zones as well as differentiating neurons, likely routes of migration could be(More)