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Sporadic amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (sALS) is a motor neuron disease with poorly understood etiology. Results of gene expression profiling studies of whole blood from ALS patients have not been validated and are difficult to relate to ALS pathogenesis because gene expression profiles depend on the relative abundance of the different cell types present in(More)
BACKGROUND Over 700 bacterial species reside in human oral cavity, many of which are associated with local or distant site infections. Extensive characterization of the oral microbiome depends on the technologies used to determine the presence and proportions of specific bacterial species in various oral sites. OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the comparative efficacy of 3 common measures of traumatic brain injury (TBI) severity for predicting inpatient outcomes upon hospital discharge. SETTING Acute brain injury rehabilitation unit at level 1 trauma center. PARTICIPANTS 100 patients with TBI. DESIGN Retrospective analysis of injury severity, demographic, and outcome(More)
Whole-genome association studies (WGASs) have identified single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) associated with sporadic amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (sALS). However, WGASs have so far produced results that are not consistent with those obtained from monogenic association studies focused on genes found to be relevant to ALS in functional biological(More)
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a neurodegenerative disease resulting from the progressive loss of motor neurons in the spinal cord and brain. To date, clinically effective neuroprotective agents have not been available. The current study demonstrates for the first time that huperzine A, a potential neuroprotective agent, has the ability to protect a(More)
OBJECTIVE We have assessed the expression levels of messenger RNA for estrogen receptor-alpha and splice variants lacking exon 5 or exon 7 that presumably exert dominant positive (splice variants lacking exon 5) and negative (splice variants lacking exon 7) effects, respectively, on estrogen responses in the human endometrium. STUDY DESIGN This was a(More)
OBJECTIVE This pilot study determined the profile of the oral bacterial flora in an outpatient cancer population before and after chemotherapy using molecular techniques. STUDY DESIGN We recruited 9 newly diagnosed breast cancer patients scheduled for induction chemotherapy. All were seen immediately before chemotherapy, and 7 to 14 days later. At both(More)
STUDY DESIGN Five Thompson Grade I/II discs (Group 1), 7 Grade III discs (Group 2), and 3 Grade IV discs (Group IV) were studied here in a project approved by the authors' Human Subjects Institutional Review Board. OBJECTIVES Our objective was to use laser capture microdissection (LCM) to harvest cells from the human anulus and to derive gene expression(More)
OBJECTIVE Understanding the pathogenesis of chemotherapy-induced oral mucositis (CIOM) is vital to develop therapies for this common, dose-limiting side effect of cancer treatment. We investigated molecular events in CIOM from buccal mucosa tissue collected before and 2 days after chemotherapy from patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and healthy(More)
In the present study, proteomic analysis was performed to discover combinational molecular targets for therapy and chemoresistance by comparing differential protein expression from Panc-1 cells treated with FDA-approved drugs such as sunitinib, imatinib mesylate, dasatinib, and PD184352. A total of 4041 proteins were identified in the combined data from all(More)