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The recent identification of the trace amine-associated receptor (TAAR)1 provides an opportunity to dissociate the effects of trace amines on the dopamine transporter from receptor-mediated effects. To separate both effects on a physiological level, a Taar1 knockout mouse line was generated. Taar1 knockout mice display increased sensitivity to amphetamine(More)
The trace amine-associated receptor 1 (TAAR1), activated by endogenous metabolites of amino acids like the trace amines p-tyramine and β-phenylethylamine, has proven to be an important modulator of the dopaminergic system and is considered a promising target for the treatment of neuropsychiatric disorders. To decipher the brain functions of TAAR1, a(More)
Trace amines (TAs) such as β-phenylethylamine, p-tyramine, or tryptamine are biogenic amines found in the brain at low concentrations that have been implicated in various neuropsychiatric disorders like schizophrenia, depression, or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. TAs are ligands for the recently identified trace amine-associated receptor 1(More)
One of the two core symptoms of depression is anhedonia, the loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities. Stressful life events are recognized as predisposing factors in the etiology of depression. Rats subjected to a chronic, mild, unpredictable stress regimen exhibit behavioral deficits consistent with a loss of responsiveness to reward, such as(More)
Neonatal ventral hippocampal (NVH) lesions in rats have been shown to induce behavioral abnormalities at adulthood thought to simulate some aspects of positive, negative and cognitive deficits classically observed in schizophrenic patients. Such lesions induced a post-pubertal emergence of prepulse inhibition deficits reminiscent of the sensorimotor gating(More)
RATIONALE GABAA alpha5 subunit-containing receptors are primarily expressed in the hippocampus and their role in learning and memory has been demonstrated recently by both genetic and pharmacological approaches. OBJECTIVES The objective of the study is to evaluate the cognitive effects of a novel GABAA alpha5 receptor inverse agonist, RO4938581 in rats(More)
Disruptions of fear extinction-related potentiation of synaptic efficacy in the connection between the hippocampus (HPC) and the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) have been shown to impair the recall of extinction memory. This study was undertaken to examine if chronic mild stress (CMS), which is known to alter induction of HPC-mPFC long-term potentiation,(More)
The aim of this study was to validate continuous arterial spin labeling (CASL) as a quantitative imaging modality for pharmacological MRI (phMRI) based on local cerebral blood perfusion. Specifically, the capability of CASL to assess brain-activity signatures of pharmacological interventions in animal models was evaluated with respect to drug discovery in(More)
The hypocretin (orexin) system is involved in sleep/wake regulation, and antagonists of both hypocretin receptor type 1 (HCRTR1) and/or HCRTR2 are considered to be potential hypnotic medications. It is currently unclear whether blockade of either or both receptors is more effective for promoting sleep with minimal side effects. Accordingly, we compared the(More)
BACKGROUND A growing body of evidence suggests a disturbance of brain plasticity in major depression. In contrast to hippocampal neurogenesis, much less is known about the role of synaptic plasticity. Long-term potentiation (LTP) and long-term depression (LTD) regulate the strength of synaptic transmission and the formation of new synapses in many neural(More)