Jean Luc Lenormand

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Stage VI Xenopus oocytes are suspended at the G2/M transition of meiosis I, and represent an excellent system for the identification and examination of cell cycle regulatory proteins. Essential cell cycle regulators such as MAPK, cyclins and mos have the ability to induce oocyte maturation, causing the resumption of the cell cycle from its arrested state.(More)
The decision for a cell to self-replicate requires passage from G1 to S phase of the cell cycle and initiation of another round of DNA replication. This commitment is a critical one that is tightly regulated by many parallel pathways. Significantly, these pathways converge to result in activation of the cyclin-dependent kinase, cdk2. It is, therefore,(More)
The regulation of the protein synthesis has a crucial role in governing the eukaryotic cell growth. Subtle changes of proteins involved in the translation process may alter the rate of the protein synthesis and modify the cell fate by shifting the balance from normal status into a tumoral or apoptotic one. The largest eukaryotic initiation factor involved(More)
Cytochrome b(558) is the catalytic core of the phagocyte NADPH oxidase that mediates the production of bactericidal reactive oxygen species. Cytochrome b(558) is formed by two subunits gp91-phox and p22-phox (1/1), non-covalently associated. Its activation depends on the interaction with cytosolic regulatory proteins (p67-phox, p47-phox, p40-phox and Rac)(More)
Speedy (Spy1) is a novel cell cycle regulator that binds and activates cdk2, and was originally identified as a suppressor of Rad1 deficiency in Schizosaccharomyces pombe. Here we demonstrate that overexpression of human Spy1 enhances mammalian cell viability during cellular responses to DNA damage induced by genotoxic agents such as camptothecin,(More)
A simple method for the reconstitution of membrane protein from submicron proteoliposomes into giant unilamellar vesicles (GUVs) is presented here: This method does not require detergents, fusion peptides or a dehydration step of the membrane protein solution. In a first step, GUVs of lipids were formed by electroformation, purified and concentrated; and in(More)
Myogenin (a member of the myogenic basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor family) seems to be the main effector of proliferation repression, a crucial step which precedes muscle cell terminal differentiation during muscle development. Proliferation repression most likely occurs through inhibition of proliferation-associated genes such as the(More)
Structural studies of membrane proteins are in constant evolution with the development of new improvements for their expression, purification, stabilization and crystallization. However, none of these methods still provides a universal approach to solve the structure of membrane proteins. Here we describe the crystallization of the human voltage-dependent(More)
Limitations in the production of folded membrane proteins represent the major bottleneck for functional and structural studies of this huge category of macromolecules. Cell-free expression systems provide an attractive alternative to the classical overexpression systems for producing membrane proteins. However, optimization of these systems remains a(More)
We have used fractionation of subcellular components of the skeletal muscle followed by Western blot analyses to study the localization of the c-mos protein in adult rat muscle. We find that p43c-mos is predominantly located in the KCl supernatant fraction. We show that immunoprecipitates of p43c-mos phosphorylate in vitro two polypeptides of about 34 kDa(More)