Jean-Louis Vigne

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Endometrial vasculature supports physiological uterine growth, embryonic implantation and endometrial pathology. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is regulated by diverse developmental and hormonal signals, including eicosanoid ligands of PPAR $$\upgamma$$ . The action of natural and synthetic PPAR $$\upgamma$$ ligands on VEGF expression in primary(More)
Transcription of the rat P450c17 gene in Leydig cells requires steroidogenic factor-1 (SF-1) (NR5A1), nerve growth factor-inducible protein B (nurr77), COUP-TF, and SET. The -447/-419 region of this promoter contains two binding sites for orphan nuclear receptors that are required for activation by SF-1, nerve growth factor-inducible protein B, and cAMP. We(More)
Growing evidence suggests that medicinal herbs have direct actions on endometrial cells. By screening multiple herbs using an in vitro model of endometriosis, we found that a commonly used herbal formula exerted considerable antiproliferative effects. Our purpose was to investigate the effects of this antiendometriosis herbal mixture on cell proliferation,(More)
CONTEXT The nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) pathway is a critical mediator of RANTES (regulated on activation, normal T cell expressed and secreted) gene regulation and therefore represents a potential target for therapy of endometriosis-associated symptoms. OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of the antiinflammatory(More)
Steroid hormones are synthesized in adrenals, gonads, placenta, and the central and peripheral nervous systems (neurosteroids). Neurosteroidogenesis, like conventional steroidogenesis, begins with the conversion of cholesterol to pregnenolone, catalyzed by mitochondrial P450 side-chain cleavage enzyme (P450scc). Transcription of the P450scc gene in the(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) mediates angiogenic activity in a variety of estrogen target tissues. To determine whether estrogen has a direct transcriptional effect on VEGF gene expression, we developed a model system by transiently transfecting human VEGF promoter-luciferase reporter constructs into primary human endometrial cells and into(More)
Glycodelin-A (GdA) is a member of the superfamily of lipocalins and the predominant glycoprotein secreted by human and primate endometrium in the secretory and early pregnancy phases. GdA can inhibit NK cell activity, T cell proliferation, and chemotaxis of monocytes. Its physiological function is thought to mediate immunotolerance at the fetomaternal(More)
Chemoattraction of macrophages into the peritoneal cavity is one of the important characteristics in patients with endometriosis. An inflammatory response is postulated to be responsible for infertility and pelvic pain associated with this syndrome. The present in vivo studies were designed to test if thiazolidinediones (TZDs), activators of peroxisome(More)
CONTEXT Glycodelin (GdA) is an immunosuppressive endometrial glycoprotein critical for embryonic implantation and pregnancy establishment. OBJECTIVE The aim of the present study was to examine the effect of dioxin [2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD)] on GdA production in human endometrial cells. DESIGN Controlled endometrial explant (EE) and(More)
Infiltrating neutrophil granulocytes are a particularly rich source of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in the endometrium and may contribute to the angiogenesis of endometriosis lesions. The objective of this study is to evaluate the expression and regulation of VEGF in endometrial neutrophils and in a model of neutrophil differentiation relevant(More)