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Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is characterized by recurrent apnea during sleep that may unbalance oxidative stress, increasing atherosclerosis. Among oxidative stress markers, 15-F(2t)-isoprostane is considered one of the most sensitive and specific metabolites of lipid peroxidation. To explore the relationship between urinary 15-F(2t)-isoprostane with(More)
RATIONALE In obstructive sleep apnea patients (OSA), continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) adherence is crucial to improve symptoms and cardiometabolic outcomes. The choice of mask may influence CPAP adherence but this issue has never been addressed properly. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the impact of nasal pillows, nasal and oronasal masks on CPAP(More)
BACKGROUND Current bilevel positive-pressure ventilators for home noninvasive ventilation (NIV) provide physicians with software that records items important for patient monitoring, such as compliance, tidal volume (Vt), and leaks. However, to our knowledge, the validity of this information has not yet been independently assessed. METHODS Testing was done(More)
Altitude illness remains a major cause of mortality. Reduced chemosensitivity, irregular breathing leading to central apnoeas/hypopnoeas, and exaggerated pulmonary vasoconstriction may compromise oxygenation. All factors could enhance susceptibility to acute mountain sickness (AMS). We compared 12 AMS-susceptible individuals with recurrent and severe(More)
Mandibular advancement devices (MAD) should be contraindicated (Clark GT, Sleep Med Rev 1998;2:163-174) if there are: (1) insufficient teeth to support the device, (2) periodontal problems inducing tooth mobility, (3) active temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorder, and (4) limited maximum protrusive distance (< 6 mm). The aim of the present study was to(More)
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is inducing oxidative stress and consequently promotes systemic inflammation and cardiovascular morbidity. The respective impact of obesity, sleep apnea and acute cardiovascular events on the profile of inflammatory cytokines has not been extensively evaluated. We examined the profile of circulating cytokines in a case-control(More)
Sleep-disordered breathing, and particularly the highly prevalent obstructive sleep apnea syndrome, is a multicomponent disorder combining intermittent hypoxia (IH), sleep fragmentation, and obstructed respiratory efforts. It is frequently associated with comorbidities and leads to numerous complications, including cardiovascular consequences that are(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE To investigate which memory processes are affected by obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). DESIGN Three separate memory systems were investigated in patients with OSA and normal subjects. Verbal episodic memory was tested after forced encoding, in order to control the level of attention during item presentation; procedural memory was tested(More)
Complex respiratory events, which may have a detrimental effect on both quality of sleep and control of nocturnal hypoventilation, occur during sleep in patients treated with non-invasive ventilation (NIV). Among these events are patient-ventilator asynchrony, increases in upper airway resistance (with or without increased respiratory drive) and leaks.(More)
BACKGROUND Obesity-hypoventilation syndrome (OHS) is efficiently treated by noninvasive ventilation (NIV). Sleep respiratory disturbances, reduced ventilatory drive, and excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) are commonly reported, but their relationships remain unclear. OBJECTIVES To characterize sleep breathing disorders encountered in patients with OHS, to(More)