Jean Louis Pépin

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BACKGROUND & AIMS Morbid obesity is frequently associated with low grade systemic inflammation, increased macrophage accumulation in adipose tissue (AT), obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). It has been suggested that chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH) resulting from OSA could be an independent factor for early stage(More)
Sleep-disordered breathing, and particularly the highly prevalent obstructive sleep apnea syndrome, is a multicomponent disorder combining intermittent hypoxia (IH), sleep fragmentation, and obstructed respiratory efforts. It is frequently associated with comorbidities and leads to numerous complications, including cardiovascular consequences that are(More)
Mandibular advancement devices (MAD) should be contraindicated (Clark GT, Sleep Med Rev 1998;2:163-174) if there are: (1) insufficient teeth to support the device, (2) periodontal problems inducing tooth mobility, (3) active temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorder, and (4) limited maximum protrusive distance (< 6 mm). The aim of the present study was to(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES Low body weight in COPD patients is associated with worsening dyspnea, reduced leg strength, and poor prognosis. Classical rehabilitation strategies are then limited by reduced exercise tolerance. Thus, we proposed to evaluate whether electrostimulation (ES) was a beneficial technique in the rehabilitation programs for severely(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE To investigate which memory processes are affected by obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). DESIGN Three separate memory systems were investigated in patients with OSA and normal subjects. Verbal episodic memory was tested after forced encoding, in order to control the level of attention during item presentation; procedural memory was tested(More)
BACKGROUND Current bilevel positive-pressure ventilators for home noninvasive ventilation (NIV) provide physicians with software that records items important for patient monitoring, such as compliance, tidal volume (Vt), and leaks. However, to our knowledge, the validity of this information has not yet been independently assessed. METHODS Testing was done(More)
Complex respiratory events, which may have a detrimental effect on both quality of sleep and control of nocturnal hypoventilation, occur during sleep in patients treated with non-invasive ventilation (NIV). Among these events are patient-ventilator asynchrony, increases in upper airway resistance (with or without increased respiratory drive) and leaks.(More)
BACKGROUND Obesity-hypoventilation syndrome (OHS) is efficiently treated by noninvasive ventilation (NIV). Sleep respiratory disturbances, reduced ventilatory drive, and excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) are commonly reported, but their relationships remain unclear. OBJECTIVES To characterize sleep breathing disorders encountered in patients with OHS, to(More)
The aim of the study was to evaluate the ability of home ventilators to maintain a minimal tidal volume during different conditions associated with alveolar hypoventilation. Bench evaluation coupled with an in vivo study on two healthy subjects. Tertiary university hospital and research unit. Six ventilators having a “volume guarantee” module (Synchrony II,(More)
BACKGROUND During noninvasive ventilation, nonintentional leaks have a detrimental effect on the efficacy of ventilation. A wide range of industrial masks are available, with intentional leaks of different importance. The potential impact of this variability in intentional leaks on performances of bilevel ventilators has not been assessed. OBJECTIVE To(More)