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The chemokine SDF-1alpha and its cognate receptor CXCR4 are expressed in several neuronal populations. This review focuses on our current knowledge about the actions of this chemokine on neuronal excitability, through CXCR4 or other yet unknown pathways. In various neuronal populations (CA1 neurons of the hippocampus, granular and Purkinje cells of the(More)
Regulation of energy homeostasis in animals involves adaptation of energy intake to its loss, through a perfect regulation of feeding behavior and energy storage/expenditure. Factors from the periphery modulate brain activity in order to adjust food intake as needed. Particularly, "first order" neurons from arcuate nucleus are able to detect modifications(More)
Inflammatory response represents one of the first immune processes following injury. It is characterized by the production of various molecules that initiate the recruitment of immune cells to the lesion sites, including in the brain. Accordingly, in acute brain trauma, such as stroke, as well as during chronic affections like multiple sclerosis or(More)
In rats and mice, ascending and descending axons from neurons producing melanin-concentrating hormone (MCH) reach the cerebral cortex and spinal cord. However, these ascending and descending projections originate from distinct sub-populations expressing or not "Cocaine-and-Amphetamine-Regulated-Transcript" (CART) peptide. Using a BrdU approach, MCH cell(More)
The compound S38151 is a nanomolar antagonist that acts at the melanin-concentrating hormone receptor 1 (MCH(1)). S38151 is more stable than its purely peptide counterpart, essentially because of the blockade of its N-terminus. Therefore, its action on various models of obesity was studied. Acute intra-cerebroventricular (i.c.v.) administration of S38151 in(More)
BACKGROUND Obesity is considered a low-grade inflammatory state that improves with weight loss. In addition to acute-phase proteins, other cytokines might contribute to systemic inflammation. OBJECTIVE Our objective was to compare serum concentrations of a large panel of inflammation-related factors in obese and normal-weight subjects and to determine(More)
Following inflammation or infection, cytokines are released in the blood. Besides their effect on the immune system, cytokines can also act in the brain to modulate our behaviors, inducing for example anorexia when produced in large amount. This review focuses on our current knowledge on how cytokines can influence the brain and the behaviors through(More)
Glucose sensing by hypothalamic neurons triggers adaptive metabolic and behavioral responses. In orexin neurons, extracellular glucose activates a leak K(+) current promoting electrical activity inhibition. Sensitivity to external acidification and halothane, and resistance to ruthenium red designated the tandem-pore K(+) (K(2P)) channel subunit TASK3 as(More)
Current antidepressant treatments are inadequate for many individuals, and when they are effective, they require several weeks of administration before a therapeutic effect can be observed. Improving the treatment of depression is challenging. Recently, the two-pore domain potassium channel TREK-1 has been identified as a new target in depression, and its(More)
Recent analyses of the structure of pericentromeric and subtelomeric regions have revealed that these particular regions of human chromosomes are often composed of blocks of duplicated genomic segments that have been associated with rapid evolutionary turnover among the genomes of closely related primates. In the present study, we show that euchromatic(More)