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Experiments using the same glass microelectrode (6--8 M omega) for recording and stimulating were performed on 12 rats in which 379 cortical cells were studied in 65 penetrations through the motor and somatosensory cortical zones. To avoid anaesthetic effects the rats were chronically implanted with a head system derived from the one developed by Noda et(More)
Four cases of Saccharomyces boulardii fungemia, a very rare side effect of Saccharomyces boulardii therapy, are reported. The clinical impact of Saccharomyces boulardii infection appeared to be moderate. However, even though organ involvement was never demonstrated, septic shock with no other etiology was observed in one of our patients. All patients had an(More)
An immunogenic aminopeptidase of Candida albicans was purified by high-performance liquid chromatography. It was then used for the development of an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay to detect antibodies directed against this antigen in sera from patients with candidiasis. This enzyme specifically cleaves the L-Arg-7-amino-4-methyl-coumarin substrate at pH(More)
Among potential virulence factors of Candida albicans, enzymes seem to play an important role. Many studies concern the secreted aspartic proteinases (saps), and the degradation of some components of the subendothelial extracellular matrix by the isoenzyme sap2 has been proved. Nevertheless, other proteolytic enzymes could be involved in the pathogenicity(More)
Five antifungal agents with different mechanisms of action were compared for their ability to affect mitochondrial dehydrogenase activity and adherence capacity of Candida albicans to polystyrene and extracellular matrix proteins. Only amphotericin B inhibited mitochondrial dehydrogenase activity when the culture medium was supplemented with galactose.(More)
Immunocompromised patients are at high risk of developing Candida infections. Although cell-mediated immunity is generally believed to play the main role in defence against fungi, antibodies could also be effective in immune defence by different mechanisms of action. The adherence capacity of four strains of Candida albicans to polystyrene and to some(More)
A Toxoplasma gondii aminopeptidase specific for the fluorogenic substrate L-arginine 7-amino-4-methylcoumarin was identified in cell-free extract. This enzyme was purified by high-performance liquid chromatography using first size exclusion, then anion exchange, followed by a second size exclusion. The purified enzyme exhibited a pl of 4.7 by(More)
Seroprevalences for toxoplasmosis, malaria, rubella, cytomegalovirus, HIV and treponemal infections were evaluated among 211 pregnant women residing in the Cotonou area, Republic of Benin. One hundred and thirteen women (53.6%) had toxoplasma antibodies, 185 (87.7%) malaria antibodies and 181 (85.8%) rubella antibodies. Among the 205 (97.2%) women with(More)
Detection and localization of myosin immunoanalogue protein in the yeast Candida albicans were achieved by immunoblotting, indirect immunofluorescence assay, and immunoelectron microscopy. A polypeptide with an M(r) about 110,000, from cytosolic extract and insoluble fraction in the corresponding membrane pellet, was reacted with polyclonal and monoclonal(More)