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Early interactions between lung dendritic cells (LDCs) and Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the etiological agent of tuberculosis, are thought to be critical for mounting a protective anti-mycobacterial immune response and for determining the outcome of infection. However, these interactions are poorly understood, at least at the molecular level. Here we show(More)
Interactions between dendritic cells and Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the aetiological agent of tuberculosis in humans, are thought to be central to anti-mycobacterial immunity. We have previously shown that M. tuberculosis binds to human monocyte-derived dendritic cells mostly through the C-type lectin DC-SIGN (dendritic-cell-specific intercellular(More)
Nine clinical isolates of Enterobacteriaceae (six Escherichia coli and three Proteus mirabilis) isolated in three Parisian hospitals between 1989 and 2000 showed a particular extended-spectrum cephalosporin-resistance profile characterized by resistance to cefotaxime and aztreonam but not to ceftazidime. CTX-M-1, CTX-M-2, CTX-M-9, CTX-M-14 and two novel(More)
Mycobacterium abscessus is an emerging rapidly growing mycobacterium (RGM) causing a pseudotuberculous lung disease to which patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) are particularly susceptible. We report here its complete genome sequence. The genome of M. abscessus (CIP 104536T) consists of a 5,067,172-bp circular chromosome including 4920 predicted coding(More)
Interactions between dendritic cells (DCs) and Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the etiological agent of tuberculosis, most likely play a key role in anti-mycobacterial immunity. We have recently shown that M. tuberculosis binds to and infects DCs through ligation of the DC-specific intercellular adhesion molecule-3-grabbing nonintegrin (DC-SIGN) and that M.(More)
Protein glycosylation has an important influence on a broad range of molecular interactions in eukaryotes, but is comparatively rare in bacteria. Several antigens from Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the causative agent of human tuberculosis, have been identified as glycoproteins on the basis of lectin binding, or by detailed structural analysis. By production(More)
A recombinant expression system was developed to analyse sequence determinants involved in O-glycosylation of proteins in mycobacteria. By expressing peptide sequences corresponding to known glycosylation sites within a chimeric lipoprotein construct, amino acids flanking modified threonine residues were found to have an important influence on(More)
Dendritic cells (DCs) are likely to play a key role in immunity against Mycobacterium tuberculosis, but the fate of the bacterium in these cells is still unknown. Here we report that, unlike macrophages (Mphis), human monocyte-derived DCs are not permissive for the growth of virulent M. tuberculosis H37Rv. Mycobacterial vacuoles are neither acidic nor fused(More)
A prospective and multi-centre study has allowed us to analyse antibody responses and Mycobacterium tuberculosis clinical isolate genotypes on 24 consecutive HIV-TB co-infected patients treated with Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy (HAART) who either went on to develop a TB Immune Restoration Syndrome (TB-IRS), or not. Circulating free and(More)
Mycobacterium abscessus is a rapidly growing Mycobacterium causing a wide spectrum of clinical syndromes. It now is recognized as a pulmonary pathogen to which cystic fibrosis patients have a particular susceptibility. The M. abscessus rough (R) variant, devoid of cell-surface glycopeptidolipids (GPLs), causes more severe clinical disease than the smooth(More)