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Classical laboratory inbred strains of mice have been extremely helpful for research in immunology and oncology, and more generally, for the analysis of complex traits. Unfortunately, because they all derive from a relatively small pool of ancestors, their genetic polymorphism is rather limited. However, recently strains belonging to different species of(More)
The mitochondrial metalloprotease AFG3L2 assembles with the homologous protein paraplegin to form a supracomplex in charge of the essential protein quality control within mitochondria. Mutations of paraplegin cause a specific axonal degeneration of the upper motoneuron and, therefore, hereditary spastic paraplegia. Here we present two Afg3l2 murine models:(More)
Mice that are homozygous with respect to the progressive motor neuronopathy (pmn) mutation (chromosome 13) develop a progressive caudio-cranial degeneration of their motor axons from the age of two weeks and die four to six weeks after birth. The mutation is fully penetrant, and expressivity does not depend on the genetic background. Based on its(More)
We have identified a novel mouse member of the Wnt family, Wnt13. Among mouse Wnt genes, Wnt13 is most closely related to Wnt2. Sequence comparisons and chromosomal localization strongly suggest that Wnt13, rather than Wnt2, is the mouse orthologue of both the human WNT13 and Xenopus XWnt2 genes. Wnt13 is expressed in the embryonic mesoderm during(More)
This review is devoted to Purkinje cell death occurring during development and in spontaneous cerebellar mutations of the mouse. We first present evidence in favor of an apoptotic developmental Purkinje cell death. Then, the different types of Purkinje cell degeneration occurring in mutant mice primarily affecting this neuronal population (nervous, purkinje(More)
Axonal degeneration represents one of the earliest pathological features in motor neuron diseases. We here studied the underlying molecular mechanisms in progressive motor neuronopathy (pmn) mice mutated in the tubulin-specific chaperone TBCE. We demonstrate that TBCE is a peripheral membrane-associated protein that accumulates at the Golgi apparatus. In(More)
The HERC gene family encodes proteins with two characteristic domains: HECT and RCC1-like. Proteins with HECT domains have been described to function as ubiquitin ligases, and those that contain RCC1-like domains have been reported to function as GTPases regulators. These two activities are essential in a number of important cellular processes such as cell(More)
Hyperspiny Purkinje cell (hpc) is a new autosomal recessive mutation of the laboratory mouse. Homozygotes exhibit abnormal motor behavior, with predominance of cerebellar symptoms, about 10 days after birth. Morphological analysis disclosed a slightly reduced cerebellum with selective alteration of Purkinje cells. All these neurons have an atrophic(More)
Complex traits are under the genetic control of multiple genes, often with weak effects and strong epistatic interactions. We developed two new collections of mouse strains to improve genetic dissection of complex traits. They are derived from several backcrosses of the Mus spretus SEG/Pas or STF/Pas strains on the C57BL/6J background. Each of the 55(More)