Jean-Louis Guéant

Learn More
Palmaria palmata (Dulse) is a red seaweed that may be a potential protein source in the human diet. Its protein content, amino acid composition, and protein digestibility were studied with algae collected every month over a 1-year period. Significant variations in protein content were observed according to the season: The highest protein content (21.9 +/-(More)
BACKGROUND Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) 677C-->T polymorphism is heterogeneously distributed worldwide, with the highest and lowest frequencies of the T allele in Mexico and Africa, respectively, and a south-to-north gradient in Europe. Distribution of MTHFR 1298A-->C is less well known. It has been hypothesized that 677T frequency could(More)
Contradictory findings have been recently published on the evaluation of genetic polymorphisms of methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR 677 C-->T) and methionine synthase reductase (MTRR 66 A-->G) as risk factors for having a child with Down syndrome (DS); however, the influence of polymorphisms of methionine synthase (MTR 2756 A-->G) and of MTHFR 1298(More)
Folates belong to the vitamin B group and are involved in a large number of biochemical processes, particularly in the metabolism of homocysteine. Dietary or genetically determined folate deficiency leads to mild hyperhomocysteinemia, which has been associated with various pathologies. Molecular mechanisms of homocysteine-induced cellular dysfunction(More)
Homocysteine metabolism is influenced by genetic polymorphisms of the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR 677 C-->T and 1298 A-->C) and transcobalamin genes (TCN1 776 C-->G ). We evaluated the association of homocysteine with Alzheimer's disease (AD) and the influence of related polymorphisms and APOE, in 180 cases and 181 controls from southern(More)
The pathogenic mechanism of neural tube defects may involve genetic polymorphisms and nutritional factors related to homocysteine metabolism. We evaluated the association of polymorphisms of three genes affecting vitamin B12-dependent remethylation of homocysteine, transcobalamin (TC), methionine synthase (MTR) and MTR reductase (MTRR), combined or not with(More)
Transcobalamin (TC) is the plasma transporter that delivers vitamin B(12) to cells. We have already reported that HT-29 and Caco-2 cells secrete different TC variants. HT-29 secretes 2 TC isoproteins (codon 259-Pro/Arg [259-P/R]), exhibiting unequal concentrations (TC 259-P > TC 259-R), and Caco-2 cells only secrete the phenotype 259-R. We investigated the(More)
BACKGROUND Genetic polymorphisms of APO-E, homocysteine, and the IL-1 gene cluster (IL-1A, IL-1B, receptor antagonist IL-1RN) are associated with sporadic Alzheimer's disease and may involve interdependent pathways of neuronal toxicity. OBJECTIVE To determine whether these polymorphisms and the genetic determinants of homocysteine(More)
Neural tube defects (NTDs) are severe congenital malformations due to failure of neural tube formation in early pregnancy. The proof that folic acid prevents NTDs raises the question of whether other parts of homocysteine (Hcy) metabolism may affect rates of NTDs. This French case-control study covered: 77 women aged 17-42 years sampled prior to elective(More)
All iodinated contrast media (CM) are known to cause both immediate ( £ 1 h) and nonimmediate (>1 h) hypersensitivity reactions. Although for most immediate reactions an allergic hypersensitivity cannot be demonstrated, recent studies indicate that the severe immediate reactions may be IgE-mediated, while most of the nonimmediate exanthematous skin(More)