Jean-Louis Formento

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Circadian (∼24 h) rhythms in physiology and behaviour are observed in all mammals, including humans. These rhythms are generated by circadian clocks located in the hypothalamus and also in most peripheral tissues. Clock genes are essential components of circadian clocks, and mutations or polymorphisms within several of them have been associated with(More)
PURPOSE K-Ras mutations predict resistance to anti-epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) monoclonal antibodies. Because combinations of anti-EGFR with 5-fluorouracil (5-FU)-based chemotherapy are promising treatments, we analyzed the effect of K-Ras mutations in patients having received exclusive 5-FU therapy. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN This study was(More)
BACKGROUND Nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kappa B) is an important transcription factor involved in the regulation of immune responses as well as in cell proliferation and survival. An abnormal and constitutive activation of NF-kappa B is observed in many pathological states as diverse as inflammation, neurological diseases, and cancer. METHODS AND RESULTS(More)
PURPOSE The efficacy of new oral fluoropyrimidines, including capecitabine, is improved in cells expressing high levels of thymidine phosphorylase (TP) and low levels of thymidylate synthase (TS) and dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase. We used a human head and neck cancer cell line (CAL33) to examine the influence of cell cycle modifications on TS, TP, and(More)
WHAT IS ALREADY KNOWN ABOUT THIS SUBJECT • Functional polymorphisms on the VEGF-A gene, known to be linked to cancer risk or to VEGF-A plasma concentrations, have been identified. So far, limited knowledge has been published on the relationships between toxicity/efficacy of bevacizumab-based therapy and VEGF-A polymorphisms (tumoral DNA). We therefore(More)
WHAT IS ALREADY KNOWN ABOUT THIS SUBJECT * Numerous clinical studies, including a few prospective ones, have reported conflicting results on the impact of gene polymorphisms related to fluorouracil (FU) and oxaliplatin pharmacodynamics. WHAT THIS STUDY ADDS * This prospective study is the first to report that clinical response to FOLFOX is significantly(More)
PURPOSE The aim of this multicenter prospective study was to evaluate the role of intratumoral parameters related to fluorouracil (FU) sensitivity in 103 metastatic colorectal cancer patients receiving FU-folinic acid. PATIENTS AND METHODS Liver metastatic biopsy specimens were obtained for all patients and primary tumor biopsy specimens for 54 patients.(More)
AIMS The oral fluoropyrimidine prodrug capecitabine is widely used in oncology. Capecitabine was designed to generate 5FU via the thymidine phosphorylase (TP) enzyme, preferentially expressed in tumoral tissues. Hand-foot syndrome (HFS) is a limiting toxicity of capecitabine. A pilot study on healthy volunteers was conducted in order to test the hypothesis(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Oxaliplatin is the first platinum-based compound effective in the treatment of colorectal cancer. Oxaliplatin combined with cetuximab for metastatic colorectal cancer is under evaluation. The preliminary results seem controversial, particularly for the use of cetuximab in K-Ras mutated patients. K-Ras mutation is known to affect redox(More)
Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) controls intracellular CH2FH4 concentrations (required for optimal fluoropyrimidine efficacy) by irreversibly converting CH2FH4 into 5-methyltetrahydrofolate. MTHFR 677C>T and 1298A>C polymorphisms are linked to altered enzyme activity. Thus, mutated MTHFR tumours should, in theory, be more sensitive to(More)