Jean-Louis Dacheux

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Once shed from their fostering Sertoli cells, spermatozoa leave the testis and are transported passively by seminiferous fluid through the rete testis. Then, these immature cells enter the complex efferent duct system that is joined to the unique and convoluted epididymal duct. This epididymal duct, lined by a continuous layer of epithelial cells joined(More)
In all mammalian species, the final differentiation of the male germ cell occurs in the epididymal duct where the spermatozoa develop the ability to be motile and fertilize an ovum. Understanding of these biological processes is the key to understanding and controlling male fertility. Comparative studies between several mammals could be an informative(More)
The final stages of sperm differentiation occur outside the gonad, in the epididymal tubule. These last maturation steps, essential to the quality of spermatozoa, are not under the genomic control of the germ cells. A series of sequential interactions with the epididymal fluid, mostly specific proteins present in the lumen of different regions, are believed(More)
The fertility of ram semen after cervical insemination is substantially reduced by 24 h of storage in liquid form. The effects of liquid storage on the transit of ram spermatozoa in the ewe genital tract was investigated using a new procedure allowing direct observation of the spermatozoa in the genital tract. Ejaculated ram spermatozoa were double labeled(More)
The proteins that are neosynthesized and secreted in the different regions of the human epididymis were determined by in vitro biosynthesis of epididymal tubules, and the luminal proteins were collected by microperfusion of each tubule. The preparations were analyzed by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis and the proteins were identified by mass(More)
Small membranous vesicles, between 25- and 75-nm diameter, were collected by high-speed centrifugation from the ram cauda epididymal fluid and were found to be normal constituents of this fluid and of the seminal plasma. The SDS-PAGE protein pattern of these vesicles was specific and very different from that of the caudal fluid, seminal plasma, sperm(More)
Mammalians gamete production takes place in the testis but when they exit this organ, although spermatozoa have acquired a specialized and distinct morphology, they are immotile and infertile. It is only after their travel in the epididymis that sperm gain their motility and fertility. Epididymis is a crescent shaped organ adjacent to the testis that can be(More)
Cellular prion protein (Prp(C)) is a glycoprotein usually associated with membranes via its glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) anchor. The trans-conformational form of this protein (Prp(SC)) is the suggested agent responsible for transmissible neurodegenerative spongiform encephalopathies. This protein has been shown on sperm and in the reproductive fluids(More)
Prostaglandin D2 synthase (PGDS) is a major epididymal secretory protein in several species. We quantified PGDS in ram and bull semen using a specific antiserum. Strong variations in PGDS concentration existed between animals. In the bull, the highest concentrations were found preferentially in animals with normal or high fertility, as was previously(More)
The presence of prion protein in sperm and fluids collected from different parts of the ram genital tract was investigated by immunoblotting with monoclonal antibodies. A slightly immunoreactive 25- to 30-kDa protein was recognized on Western blots of testicular and epididymal sperm extracts. Immunoreactivity increased on ejaculated sperm extracts and 2(More)