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OBJECTIVE Abnormal low- and high-frequency oscillatory activities have been linked to abnormal movement control in Parkinson's disease. We aimed to study how low- and high-frequency oscillatory activities are modulated by movement in the contralateral and ipsilateral subcorticocortical loops. METHODS We studied mu, beta and gamma rhythm event-related(More)
OBJECTIVE (1) To determine if there are changes in event-related desynchronization/event-related synchronization (ERD/ERS) patterns when the movement is sustained? (2) To determine, from a technical point of view for ERD calculation, if it is possible to take the reference period during muscular activation? METHODS Eight healthy subjects performed two(More)
After the completion of a voluntary movement, a synchronization of cortical beta rhythms is recorded over the contralateral central region, which is assumed to reflect the termination of the motor command. In order to test this hypothesis, we compared in eight healthy subjects the synchronization of EEG beta rhythms following active and passive index(More)
The effects of age, stimulus modality and event probability on event-related potentials (ERP) were studied in 12 young and 12 elderly healthy subjects. The ERP were recorded from 15 electrodes referred to linked ears. Results showed that both amplitude and latency of the P300 component are affected by aging. Study of the latency of the earlier ERP(More)
Event-related desynchronization (ERD) was studied in 10 subjects during a verbal recognition task. The attentional load of the task varied according to the difficulty to discriminate targets and distractors. The EEG recorded from 29 electrodes was used to compute ERD from 14 source derivations in 125 msec intervals and displayed as spatio-temporal maps. The(More)
OBJECTIVE We compared beta synchronization associated with voluntary finger movement with beta synchronization produced by sensory stimulation, in order to better understand the relationship between event-related beta synchronization (ERS) and the different afferent inputs. METHODS Twenty-four subjects performed an index finger extension. They also(More)
In Parkinson's disease, impaired motor preparation has been related to an increased latency in the appearance of movement-related desynchronization (MRD) throughout the contralateral primary sensorimotor (PSM) cortex. Internal globus pallidus (GPi) stimulation improved movement desynchronization over the PSM cortex during movement execution but failed to(More)
Magnetic stimulation of the brain and cervical and lumbar spinal roots was performed on 50 healthy volunteers. Compound muscle action potentials (CMAPs) were recorded from biceps brachii, abductor digiti minimi (ADM), rectus femoris and tibialis anterior (TA). We assessed central conduction times by subtraction of peripheral from central latencies and(More)
OBJECTIVE In this study we aimed to investigate if there are age-related differences in cortical oscillatory activity induced by self-paced muscular pure relaxation in comparison with muscle contraction as reference movement. METHODS Event-related (de)synchronization (ERD/ERS) have been recorded related to voluntary muscle contraction and relaxation in 10(More)
Bereitschaftspotential (BP) and Event-Related Desynchronization (ERD) were simultaneously recorded during a voluntary wrist flexion in 10 patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) treated with L-Dopa therapy and 10 control subjects. BP and ERD were analyzed 2 s before and 0.5 s after the movement, during two successive left and right experimental conditions.(More)