Jean-Louis Boulay

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Type I helical cytokines are ligands for receptors structurally related by a common sequence signature. Here we analyze the 27 ligands and 34 human type I cytokine receptor encoded by the human genome. We compare these to ligands and receptors found in mouse and insects. We describe their structural relatedness to one another and discuss the evolution of(More)
The structural complexity of chromosome 1p centromeric region has been an obstacle for fine mapping of tumor suppressor genes in this area. Loss of heterozygosity (LOH) on chromosome 1p is associated with the longer survival of oligodendroglioma (OD) patients. To test the clinical relevance of 1p loss in glioblastomas (GBM) patients and identifiy the(More)
Malignant gliomas are frequent primary brain tumors associated with poor prognosis and very limited response to conventional chemo- and radio-therapies. Besides sharing common growth features with other types of solid tumors, gliomas are highly invasive into adjacent brain tissue, which renders them particularly aggressive and their surgical resection(More)
Tenascin-C (TNC) expression is known to correlate with malignancy in glioblastoma (GBM), a highly invasive and aggressive brain tumor that shows limited response to conventional therapies. In these malignant gliomas as well as in GBM cell lines, we found Notch2 protein to be strongly expressed. In a GBM tumor tissue microarray, RBPJk protein, a Notch2(More)
Chromosomal region 18q21 is frequently deleted in colorectal cancer (CRC) and is associated with poor prognosis. Potential tumor suppressor mechanisms altered by 18q21 deletion include mediation of TGFbeta signaling by SMADs. Following the definition of SMAD4 deletion as a negative predictive marker for chemotherapy benefit in patients with CRC, we aimed to(More)
BACKGROUND Low-grade gliomas (LGGs) are rare brain neoplasms, with survival spanning up to a few decades. Thus, accurate evaluations on how biomarkers impact survival among patients with LGG require long-term studies on samples prospectively collected over a long period. METHODS The 210 adult LGGs collected in our databank were screened for IDH1 and IDH2(More)
Microsatellite instability (MSI) is the phenotypic hallmark of a deficient DNA mismatch-repair system, observed in 10-20% of sporadic colorectal cancers (CRC). Since the prognostic and predictive value of this genetic alteration has been assessed mainly in non-randomised, uncontrolled studies, we investigated the potential of MSI to predict patient survival(More)
The oncogenic epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) pathway triggers downstream phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/RAS-mediated signaling cascades. In transgenic mice, glioblastoma cannot develop on single but only on simultaneous activation of the EGFR signaling mediators RAS and AKT. However, complete blockade of EGFR activation does not result in(More)
BACKGROUND Improved risk stratification of early colorectal cancer might help to better select patients for adjuvant treatment. Alterations in the transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) pathway have frequently been found in colorectal cancer, but their impact on prognosis remains controversial. We therefore analyzed two transcriptional corepressors of(More)
Malignant gliomas are among the most devastating tumors for which conventional therapies have not significantly improved patient outcome. Despite advances in imaging, surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy, survival is still less than 2 years from diagnosis and more targeted therapies are urgently needed. Notch signaling is central to the normal and(More)