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Prucalopride is a novel enterokinetic compound and is the first representative of the benzofuran class. We set out to establish its pharmacological profile in various receptor binding and organ bath experiments. Receptor binding data have demonstrated prucalopride's high affinity to both investigated 5-HT(4) receptor isoforms, with mean pK(i) estimates of(More)
BACKGROUND Clinical trials in renal transplantation must use surrogate markers of long-term graft survival if conclusions are to be drawn at acceptable speed and cost. Morphologic changes in transplant biopsies provide the earliest available evidence of damage, and "protocol" biopsies from stable grafts can be used to reduce the number of patients needed in(More)
C4d staining of renal allografts is regarded as an in situ marker of active humoral rejection. Few data are available about the incidence of C4d deposition in protocol biopsies compared to indication biopsies. To evaluate whether center-specific factors influence the incidence of C4d detection, we performed a multicenter study. From three European centers,(More)
This study was set up to determine the long-term (5 or more years) renal function after HELLP (hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, and low platelets) syndrome during pregnancy and to answer the question whether long-term renal follow-up is necessary. Women with HELLP syndrome were compared with healthy control subjects who delivered their first child during(More)
BACKGROUND Kidneys from marginal and older donors are increasingly used to respond to the increasing demand for kidney transplants. This study evaluated the predictive value of intimal hyperplasia, as a marker of vasculopathy, in the renal allograft at the time of transplantation (transplantation) on the subsequent graft function (7 years). METHODS The(More)
Chronic allograft nephropathy, characterized by interstitial fibrosis and tubular atrophy, is still a major cause of graft loss after kidney transplantation. The complex pathophysiology of chronic allograft nephropathy is still poorly understood, and could be clarified by a more systematic performance of implantation and protocol biopsies of the renal(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Mycophenolate mofetil is a prodrug of mycophenolic acid (MPA), an immunosuppressive agent used in combination with corticosteroids and calcineurin inhibitors or sirolimus for the prevention of acute rejection after solid organ transplantation. Although MPA has a rather narrow therapeutic window and its pharmacokinetics show(More)
BACKGROUND Mycophenolate mofetil has replaced azathioprine in immunosuppression regimens worldwide to prevent graft rejection. However, evidence that its antirejection activity is better than that of azathioprine has been provided only by registration trials with an old formulation of ciclosporin and steroid. We aimed to compare the antirejection activity(More)
Large-scale clinical trials using C(2) monitoring of cyclosporine (CsA) microemulsion (Neoral) in renal transplant recipients have demonstrated low acute rejection rates and good tolerability with a low adverse event profile in a variety of settings: with or without routine induction therapy; in combination with mycophenolate mofetil; with standard-exposure(More)