Jean-Louis Banères

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We produced human leukotriene B(4) (LTB(4)) receptor BLT1 as a recombinant protein in Escherichia coli. This detergent-solubilized receptor displays two states with regard to its affinity for LTB(4): (i) a low-affinity state (K(a)=7.8x10(8)M(-1)) that involves a receptor homodimer (BLT1.LTB(4))(2); we report evidence for a central role of the sixth(More)
G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) are key players in cell communication. Although long considered as monomeric, it now appears that these heptahelical proteins can form homo- or heterodimers. Here, we analyzed the conformational changes in each subunit of a receptor dimer resulting from agonist binding to either one or both subunits by measuring the(More)
The discovery that class C G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) function as obligatory dimeric entities has generated major interest in GPCR oligomerization. Oligomerization now appears to be a common feature among all GPCR classes. However, the functional significance of this process remains unclear because, in vitro, some monomeric GPCRs, such as rhodopsin(More)
The eight metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) are key modulators of synaptic transmission and are considered promising targets for the treatment of various brain disorders. Whereas glutamate acts at a large extracellular domain, allosteric modulators have been identified that bind to the seven transmembrane domain (7TM) of these dimeric(More)
Accumulating evidence indicates that G protein-coupled receptors can assemble as dimers/oligomers but the role of this phenomenon in G protein coupling and signaling is not yet clear. We have used the purified leukotriene B(4) receptor BLT2 as a model to investigate the capacity of receptor monomers and dimers to activate the adenylyl cyclase inhibitory(More)
There is compelling evidence that G protein-coupled receptors exist as homo- and heterodimers, but the way these assemblies function at the molecular level remains unclear. We used here the purified leukotriene B(4) receptor BLT1 stabilized in its dimeric state to analyze how a receptor dimer activates G proteins. For this, we produced heterodimers between(More)
Serotonin 5-HT(4(a)) receptor, a G-protein-coupled receptor (GPCR), was produced as a functional isolated protein using Escherichia coli as an expression system. The isolated receptor was characterized at the molecular level by circular dichroism (CD) and steady-state fluorescence. A specific change in the near-UV CD band associated with the GPCR disulfide(More)
Despite its central role in signaling and the potential therapeutic applications of inverse agonists, the molecular mechanisms underlying G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) constitutive activity remain largely to be explored. In this context, ghrelin receptor GHS-R1a is a peculiar receptor in the sense that it displays a strikingly high, physiologically(More)
The dynamic character of G protein-coupled receptors is essential to their function. However, the details of how ligands stabilize a particular conformation to selectively activate a signaling pathway and how signaling proteins affect this conformational repertoire remain unclear. Using a prototypical peptide-activated class A G protein-coupled receptor(More)
To maintain homeostasis, hypothalamic neurons in the arcuate nucleus must dynamically sense and integrate a multitude of peripheral signals. Blood-borne molecules must therefore be able to circumvent the tightly sealed vasculature of the blood-brain barrier to rapidly access their target neurons. However, how information encoded by circulating(More)