Learn More
We investigated heterocellular communication in rat mesenteric arterial strips at the cellular level using confocal microscopy. To visualize Ca(2+) changes in different cell populations, smooth muscle cells (SMCs) were loaded with Fluo-4 and endothelial cells (ECs) with Fura red. SMC contraction was stimulated using high K(+) solution and Phenylephrine.(More)
Investigating the recruitment and synchronization of smooth muscle cells (SMCs) is the key to understanding the physical mechanisms leading to contraction and spontaneous diameter oscillations of arteries, called vasomotion. We improved a method that allows the correlation of calcium oscillations (flashing) of individual SMCs with mean calcium variations(More)
Smooth muscle and endothelial cells in the arterial wall are exposed to mechanical stress. Indeed blood flow induces intraluminal pressure variations and shear stress. An increase in pressure may induce a vessel contraction, a phenomenon known as the myogenic response. Many muscular vessels present vasomotion, i.e., rhythmic diameter oscillations caused by(More)
To evaluate the regulation of connexin expression by fluid pressure, we have studied the effects of elevated transmural urine pressure on Connexin43 (Cx43) and Cx26. We chose to focus on these two proteins out of the five connexins (Cx26, 43, 40, 37, and 45) which we found by RT-PCR to be expressed in the rat bladder, since in situ hybridization and(More)
1. The mechanical and electrical properties of smooth muscle cells of the rabbit aorta were recorded simultaneously using respectively a force transducer and a 3 M-KCl-filled glass microelectrode. 2. Acetylcholine had two effects depending on concentration. At low concentration, it caused a persistent endothelium-dependent relaxation and hyperpolarization.(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Smooth muscle tone is controlled by Ca(2+) signaling in the endothelial layer. Mouse endothelial cells are interconnected by gap junctions made of Connexin40 (Cx40) and Cx37, which allow the exchange of signaling molecules to coordinate their activity. Here, we investigated the role of Cx40 in the endothelial Ca(2+) signaling of the mouse(More)
In vitro, different techniques are used to study the smooth muscle cells' calcium dynamics and contraction/relaxation mechanisms on arteries. Most experimental studies use either an isometric or an isobaric setup. However, in vivo, a blood vessel is neither isobaric nor isometric nor isotonic, as it is continuously submitted to intraluminal pressure(More)
Vasomotion, the phenomenon of vessel diameter oscillation, regulates blood flow and resistance. The main parameters implicated in vasomotion are particularly the membrane potential and the cytosolic free calcium in smooth muscle cells. In this study, these parameters were measured in rat perfused-pressurized mesenteric artery segments. The application of(More)
The contracting and relaxing effects of purines and UTP were investigated on rings of mouse thoracic aorta in vitro. UTP, ATP gamma S, and alpha-beta-Methyleneadenosine 5'triphosphate contracted rings with and without endothelium. On the contrary, adenosine, AMP, ADP, ATP, and 2-(methylthio)adenosine 5'-diphosphate had no effect on relaxed rings. When rings(More)
  • J L Bény
  • 1990
Thimerosal activates the production of endothelium-derived relaxing factor (EDRF). I examined whether thimerosal also causes the release of an endothelium-dependent hyperpolarizing factor (EDHF). Thimerosal caused an endothelium-dependent hyperpolarization of smooth muscle. This effect is unlikely to be caused by the property of thimerosal to inhibit the(More)