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1 A novel animal model of spontaneous colonic inflammation, the multiple drug-resistant (mdr1) a(-/-) mouse, was identified by Panwala and colleagues in 1998. The aim of our study was to further characterise this model, specifically by measuring cytokines that have been implicated in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) (IL-8 and IFN-gamma) in the colon/rectum(More)
We aimed to investigate the toxicity of carbon monoxide (CO) in rats with right ventricle (RV) remodeling induced by hypoxic pulmonary hypertension (PHT). A group of Wistar rats was exposed to 3-wk hypobaric hypoxia (H). A second group was exposed to 50 ppm CO for 1 wk (CO). A third group was exposed to chronic hypoxia including 50 ppm CO during the third(More)
The time-related metabolic events in rat liver, plasma, and urine following hepatotoxic insult with allyl formate (75 mg/kg) were studied using a combination of high-resolution liquid state and magic angle spinning (MAS) nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopic methods together with pattern recognition analysis. The metabonomics results were compared(More)
Cutaneous papillomavirus infection was diagnosed in a 6-year-old female Boxer dog that was under long-term corticosteroid therapy for atopic dermatitis. Multiple black, rounded papules were present on the ventral skin. Spontaneous regression occurred within 3 weeks after cessation of corticosteroids. Histologically, the lesions consisted of well-demarcated(More)
Phosphodiesterase 4 (PDE4) inhibitors are potential therapeutic agents but vascular injury and perivascular inflammation occurs frequently during preclinical toxicology testing of these drugs. The lesions induced by PDE4 inhibitors have been described mainly in rats but there is limited data available for monkeys and no data for dogs. Here we present the(More)
An 18-year-old Appaloosa mare was examined because of squamous cell carcinoma of the vulva, anorexia with pronounced weight loss, and hypercalcemia. The tumor had developed rapidly over a period of 3 months and externally extended ventrally involving the perineum and the dorsal aspect of the udder. Necropsy examination demonstrated a large primary squamous(More)
Administration of fenoldopam mesylate (FM), a dopaminergic agonist, or of cyclic cAMP phosphodiesterase inhibitors (PDE III), for example theophylline and caffeine, induces arteritis in the rat. In this study we characterized the arteritis induced by UK-61,260, an investigational inotropic agent with vasodilatory properties which displays an inhibitory(More)
New N-(1,2-diphenylethyl)piperazines 6 are disclosed as dual serotonin and noradrenaline reuptake inhibitors (SNRI) which may have potential in treating stress urinary incontinence (SUI). In this Letter, we present new data for SNRI PF-526014 (4) including performance in a canine in vivo model of SUI, cardiovascular assessment, pharmacokinetics in dog and(More)