Jean Leyland

Learn More
Two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) at 6q25.1, near the ESR1 gene, have been implicated in the susceptibility to breast cancer for Asian (rs2046210) and European women (rs9397435). A genome-wide association study in Europeans identified two further breast cancer susceptibility variants: rs11249433 at 1p11.2 and rs999737 in RAD51L1 at 14q24.1.(More)
BACKGROUND A recent study reported genetic variants in the TERT-CLPTM1L locus that were associated with mean telomere length, and with risk of multiple cancers. METHODS We evaluated the association between single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs401681 (C > T) and mean telomere length, using quantitative real-time PCR, in blood-extracted DNA collected from(More)
High-percent mammographic density adjusted for age and body mass index is one of the strongest risk factors for breast cancer. We conducted a meta analysis of five genome-wide association studies of percent mammographic density and report an association with rs10995190 in ZNF365 (combined P = 9.6 × 10(-10)). Common variants in ZNF365 have also recently been(More)
CONTEXT Medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) is a characteristic tumor occurring in individuals with multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2 who carry germ-line mutations in RET (rearranged during transfection). However, most MTC occur in individuals without a family history. OBJECTIVES The objective of this study was to explore the possibility that(More)
BACKGROUND Mammographic density adjusted for age and body mass index (BMI) is a heritable marker of breast cancer susceptibility. Little is known about the biologic mechanisms underlying the association between mammographic density and breast cancer risk. We examined whether common low-penetrance breast cancer susceptibility variants contribute to(More)
Constitutive activation of the RET receptor tyrosine kinase underlies the genesis and progression of multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2 (MEN 2), a dominantly inherited cancer predisposition. Importantly, although kinase activation represents a common theme in neoplasias, not all activating mutations are functionally equivalent. Consistent with this, we(More)
Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have successfully identified common genetic variants that contribute to breast cancer risk. Discovering additional variants has become difficult, as power to detect variants of weaker effect with present sample sizes is limited. An alternative approach is to look for variants associated with quantitative traits that in(More)
Germ line missense mutations in the RET proto-oncogene are responsible for the inherited cancer syndrome multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2A (MEN2A). The clinical presentation of the disease and the age at onset varies even within families, where patients carry the same mutation. These variations in phenotypes suggest a role for genetic modifiers, and(More)
Percent mammographic breast density (PMD) is a strong heritable risk factor for breast cancer. However, the pathways through which this risk is mediated are still unclear. To explore whether PMD and breast cancer have a shared genetic basis, we identified genetic variants most strongly associated with PMD in a published meta-analysis of five genome-wide(More)
BACKGROUND Mammographic breast density (MBD) has a strong genetic component. Investigating the genetic models for mammographic density may provide further insights into the genetic factors affecting breast cancer risk. PURPOSE To evaluate the familial aggregation of MBD and investigate the genetic models of susceptibility. METHODS We used data on 746(More)