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Leaves from 2-month-old in vitro grown plantlets of a clone ofCichorium placed in agitated liquid induction medium at 35°C in the dark produce embryoids after 5 days of culture, without synchronization. Vascular sheath parenchyma cells react first, but every mesophyll cell is potentially embryogenic. Single cells show an early patchy callosic wall and(More)
Numerous plants synthesize among their secondary metabolites phenolic compounds which possess antioxidant effects. The aim of the present work was to assay the antioxidant activities of phenolics from Crataegus monogyna Jacq. flowers and in vitro tissue culture (calli and cell suspensions) extracts. In the case of tissue culture extracts, the phenolic(More)
A better understanding of the biological roles of carbohydrates requires the use of tools able to provide efficient and rapid structural information. Unfortunately, highly acidic oligomers-such as polysulfated oligosaccharides-are very challenging to characterize because of their high polarity, structural diversity, and sulfate lability. These features pose(More)
Male-sterile chicory plants were obtained by fusion of chicory mesophyll protoplasts and hypocotyl protoplasts derived from male-sterile sunflower plants. The protoplasts of both species were fused by the PEG method and the products were selected manually and cultivated at very low density in a liquid medium. Three to twenty percent of the heterokaryocytes(More)
First divisions of embryogenic cells were studied in leaves of plantlets of aCichorium hybrid (C. intybus L. ×C. endivia L.) cultured in vitro in a liquid agitated medium, at 35 °C in the dark. Stages of reactivation of competent cells were characterized by increase of nucleus and nucleolus diameter, migration of the nucleus in the centre of the cell and(More)
Somatic embryos and adult plants were regenerated from mesophyll protoplasts of a clone of chicory ‘474’ (Cichorium intybus L. x Cichorium endivia L.). Embryos were obtained in three different ways: - plating of 7-day-old protoplast cultures on PM-3 solid induction medium with 2.5 μM 2-isopentenyladenine (2-iP) and 0.5 μM naphthaleneacetic acid (NAA); -(More)
The interest of polyphenolics as therapeutic agents against diseases involving radical damage is growing. The phenolic contents of the hulls and flour from the seeds of Fagopyrum esculentum (French variety 'La Harpe') (total phenols, flavonoids, total flavanols, oligomeric proanthocyanidins) are compared with the antioxidative effects of the extracts(More)
The Flavivirus Zika virus (ZIKV) is the causal agent of neurological disorders like microcephaly in newborns or Guillain-Barre syndrome. Its NS5 protein embeds a methyltransferase (MTase) domain involved in the formation of the viral mRNA cap. We investigated the structural and functional properties of the ZIKV MTase. We show that the ZIKV MTase can(More)
Polyphenol-rich diet decreases cardiovascular risk. LDL oxidation is the primary event in atherosclerosis plaque formation and antioxidants such as polyphenols were shown to inhibit LDL oxidation and atherosclerosis development. Hawthorn (Crataegus) and derived pharmaceuticals are rich in polyphenols and already prescribed to treat moderate heart failure,(More)
Different extracts of fresh vegetative and reproductive organs from Crataegus monogyna harvested during a whole season and from some pharmaceutical hawthorn preparations exhibit in vitro antioxidant activities using three different models of oxygen reactive species generation (superoxide anion, hydrogen peroxide and hypochlorous acid). All the tested(More)