Jean-Jacques Robert

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Congenital hyperinsulinism (HI) is an inappropriate insulin secretion by the pancreatic β-cells secondary to various genetic disorders. The incidence is estimated at 1/50, 000 live births, but it may be as high as 1/2, 500 in countries with substantial consanguinity. Recurrent episodes of hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia may expose to high risk of brain(More)
OBJECTIVE We investigated the natural history of glucokinase (GCK)-related maturity-onset diabetes of the young type 2 (MODY2), notably the factors associated with deterioration of hyperglycemia over time. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS We report an 11-year follow-up of glucose tolerance and indexes of insulin secretion and insulin sensitivity derived from(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe the long-term metabolic outcome of children with congenital hyperinsulinism after near-total or partial elective pancreatectomy. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Patients (n = 105: 58 diffuse and 47 focal congenital hyperinsulinism) received operations between 1984 and 2006. Follow-up consisted of periodic measurements of pre- and(More)
Type 1 diabetes results from the destruction of β-cells by an autoimmune T-cell response assisted by antigen-presenting B cells producing autoantibodies. CD8(+) T-cell responses against islet cell antigens, thought to play a central role in diabetes pathogenesis, can be monitored using enzyme-linked immunosorbent spot (ELISpot) assays. However, such assays(More)
AIM To determine risk factors for neurological sequelae following hypoglycemia. METHOD We analysed the neurological outcome in 164 patients (mean age 10y 10mo, SD 5.9) following hypoglycemia due to three diseases with various metabolic contexts, different ages at onset, and combinations with comorbidity (fever/infection, hypoxia/ischemia): glycogen(More)
N eonatal hyperinsulinism is the most important cause of hypoglycemia in infancy (1,2). The inappropriate oversecretion of insulin is responsible for profound hypoglycemia, requiring aggressive treatment to prevent brain damage (1–3). Neonatal hyperinsulinism is often resistant to medical therapy (1– 4), and pancreatectomy is required for many sufferers(More)
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