Jean-Jacques Meister

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The conjunctive presence of mechanical stress and active transforming growth factor beta1 (TGF-beta1) is essential to convert fibroblasts into contractile myofibroblasts, which cause tissue contractures in fibrotic diseases. Using cultured myofibroblasts and conditions that permit tension modulation on the extracellular matrix (ECM), we establish that(More)
Dynamic actin network at the leading edge of the cell is linked to the extracellular matrix through focal adhesions (FAs), and at the same time it undergoes retrograde flow with different dynamics in two distinct zones: the lamellipodium (peripheral zone of fast flow), and the lamellum (zone of slow flow located between the lamellipodium and the cell body).(More)
A three-dimensional finite element model of the carotid artery bifurcation was constructed in order to determine the stress field and assess the modification of the stress field when residual strain is taken into account. Residual strain in the carotid bifurcation was characterized by experimental observations. According to these observations, a geometrical(More)
The cell nucleus plays a central role in the response of the endothelium to mechanical forces, possibly by deforming during cellular adaptation. The goal of this work was to precisely quantify the mechanical properties of the nucleus. Individual endothelial cells were subjected to compression between glass microplates. This technique allows measurement of(More)
Expression of alpha-smooth muscle actin (alpha-SMA) renders fibroblasts highly contractile and hallmarks myofibroblast differentiation. We identify alpha-SMA as a mechanosensitive protein that is recruited to stress fibers under high tension. Generation of this threshold tension requires the anchoring of stress fibers at sites of 8-30-microm-long(More)
Cell morphology is controlled in part by physical forces. If the main mechanical properties of cells have been identified and quantitated, the question remains of how the cell structure specifically contributes to these properties. In this context, we addressed the issue of whether cell rheology was altered during cell spreading, taken as a fundamental(More)
Many experimental studies have shown that arterial smooth muscle cells respond with cytosolic calcium rises to vasoconstrictor stimulation. A low vasoconstrictor concentration gives rise to asynchronous spikes in the calcium concentration in a few cells (asynchronous flashing). With a greater vasoconstrictor concentration, the number of smooth muscle cells(More)
The analogous techniques of photoactivation of fluorescence (PAF) and fluorescence recovery after photobleaching (FRAP) have been applied previously to the study of actin dynamics in living cells. Traditionally, separate experiments estimate the mobility of actin monomer or the lifetime of actin filaments. A mathematical description of the dynamics of the(More)
We investigated heterocellular communication in rat mesenteric arterial strips at the cellular level using confocal microscopy. To visualize Ca(2+) changes in different cell populations, smooth muscle cells (SMCs) were loaded with Fluo-4 and endothelial cells (ECs) with Fura red. SMC contraction was stimulated using high K(+) solution and Phenylephrine.(More)
Changes in mechanical properties of the cytoplasm have been implicated in cell motility, but there is little information about these properties in specific regions of the cell at specific stages of the cell migration process. Fish epidermal keratocytes with their stable shape and steady motion represent an ideal system to elucidate temporal and spatial(More)