Jean Jacques Lafitte

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HYPOTHESIS The 2-[18F]-fluoro-2-deoxy-d-glucose positron emission tomography is an imaging tool for assessing clinical tumor, node, metastasis in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Primary tumor standardized uptake value (SUV) has been studied as a potential prognostic factor for survival. However, the sample sizes are limited leading to conduct a(More)
A systematic review of the literature was carried out to determine the role of prophylactic cranial irradiation (PCI) in small cell lung cancer (SCLC) . To be eligible, full published trials needed to deal with SCLC and to have randomly assigned patients to receive PCI or not. Trials quality was assessed by two scores (Chalmers and ELCWP). Twelve randomised(More)
The human cytochrome CYP2A13, which is mainly expressed in the respiratory tract, has been shown to be highly efficient in vitro in the metabolism of tobacco-smoke carcinogens and procarcinogens such as 4-methylnitroso-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone (NNK). In order to investigate the extent of CYP2A13 genetic polymorphism in a French Caucasian population of 102(More)
PURPOSE We evaluated the expression of endocan, a soluble lung- and kidney-selective endothelial cell-specific dermatan sulfate proteoglycan, in non-small cell lung tumors compared with normal lung and studied the significance of high levels of circulating endocan in patients with non-small cell lung cancer. MATERIAL AND METHODS Endocan and vascular(More)
INTRODUCTION Few validated prognostic factors are available for survival in patients with lung cancer. [F]-fluoro-2-deoxy-d-glucose positron emission tomography has been shown to be of additional value to conventional imaging for staging lung cancer. The prognostic value of this lung tumor metabolic activity was studied in a first systematic review of(More)
Susceptibility to lung diseases, such as lung cancer and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, is largely influenced by the metabolic capacity of lung tissues. This capacity is partly determined by the expression profile of the cytochromes P450 (CYPs), a superfamily of enzymes that have relevant catalytic properties toward exogenous and endogenous(More)
There is increasing evidence that inflammation may affect glycosylation and sulfation of various glycoproteins. The present study reports the effect of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha), a proinflammatory cytokine, on the glycosyl- and sulfotransferases of the human bronchial mucosa responsible for the biosynthesis of Lewis x epitope and of its(More)
PURPOSE To prospectively evaluate gadolinium dose safety and effectiveness for 16-detector pulmonary computed tomographic (CT) angiography. MATERIALS AND METHODS Ethics committee approval and informed consent were obtained. Sixty patients with contraindications to iodine underwent CT of the pulmonary circulation with 0.5 mmol/L gadolinium chelate given at(More)
The lung is directly exposed to a wide variety of inhaled toxicants and carcinogens. In order to improve our knowledge of the cellular processing of these compounds in the respiratory tract, we investigated the mRNA expression level of 380 genes encoding xenobiotic-metabolizing enzymes (XME), transporters, nuclear receptors and transcription factors, in(More)
Bronchial mucins from severely infected patients suffering from lung diseases such as chronic bronchitis or cystic fibrosis exhibit increased amounts of sialyl-Lewis(x) (NeuAcα2-3Galβ1-4[Fucα1-3]GlcNAc-R, sLe(x)) glycan structures. In cystic fibrosis, sLe(x) and its sulfated form 6-sulfo-sialyl-Lewis(x) (NeuAcα2-3Galβ1-4[Fucα1-3](HO(3)S-6)GlcNAc-R,(More)