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The mechanisms governing infiltration of lymphocytes into tumors remain poorly characterized, in spite of the critical impact of these cells on patient prognosis and therapeutic responses. High endothelial venules (HEV) are blood vessels found in lymphoid tissues, specialized in lymphocyte recruitment, but their implications in human cancer are unknown. In(More)
Vgamma9Vdelta2(+) cells represent the major population of gammadelta T cells in primate blood and react in an MHC-unrestricted fashion to a set of low m.w. nonpeptide phosphoantigens. Two types of structurally related agonists have been discovered so far: the natural phosphoantigens (hydroxydimethyl allyl-pyrophosphate or isopentenyl-pyrophosphate (IPP))(More)
Lenalidomide, a daughter molecule of Thalidomide, and IMIDs are immunomodulatory drugs that have been described as having immunomodulatory properties and anti-tumor activity. The effect of Lenalidomide towards Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells (PBMC) has been studied and direct effects towards T cells have been described, such as an increase of(More)
One fourth of women with HER-2(+) metastatic breast carcinoma are treated with a combination regimen with trastuzumab, but the frequent resistance to this Ab requires definition of new means to improve its bioactivity. The mechanisms of action of trastuzumab involve several pathways including Ab-dependent cellular cytotoxicity. Because human γδ T(More)
In human blood, 1% to 5% of lymphocytes are gammadelta T cells; they mostly express the gammadelta T-cell receptor (TCR)Vgamma9, recognize nonpeptide phosphoantigens (PAgs) produced by microbes and tumor cells, and mediate different modes of lytic activities directed against tumor target cells. Antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity (ADCC) mediated(More)
gamma delta T cells are known to be involved in the innate immune defenses against infectious microorganisms. Herein, we considered that gamma delta T cells could also influence adaptative immunity by interacting with dendritic cells (DC) in the early phase of the immune response. To investigate this hypothesis, gamma delta T cells isolated from the(More)
Occasional EBV infection of human NK cells may lead to malignant diseases such as naso-pharyngeal NK lymphoma although NK cells do not express CD21, the primary receptor for EBV. Here we show that during early EBV infection in patients, NK cells attacked EBV-infected autologous B cells. In vitro, NK cells activated by conjugation to CD21(+) B-EBV cell(More)
Quantifying the contacts that circulating lymphocytes have with cancer cells is useful, because their deficit favors malignancy progression. All normal lymphocytes contact, scan, and acquire membrane fragments (trogocytosis) from foreign cells for their immunosurveillance. So in this study, we used the in vitro trogocytosis of PKH67-stained cancer cell(More)
Phosphoantigens are mycobacterial non-peptide antigens that might enhance the immunogenicity of current subunit candidate vaccines for tuberculosis. However, their testing requires monkeys, the only animal models suitable for gammadelta T cell responses to mycobacteria. Thus here, the immunogenicity of 6-kDa early secretory antigenic target-mycolyl(More)
Vgamma9Vdelta2 cells, a major peripheral blood gammadelta T cell subset in adults, recognize non-peptidic phosphorylated metabolites referred to as phosphoantigens (phosphoAg), which are produced by a broad array of prokaryotic and eukaryotic organisms. We will review here the biosynthetic pathways leading to production of phosphoAg and our current(More)