Jean-Jacques Fournié

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Experiments have been performed to investigate the use of coral skeletons as bone graft substitutes. Skeletal fragments of different coral genera were implanted into cortical and spongy bone defects and used to bridge transcortical resections in the femur. The implant site was monitored for up to 18 months. Radiographically, both cortical and spongy bone(More)
gamma delta T cells are known to be involved in the innate immune defenses against infectious microorganisms. Herein, we considered that gamma delta T cells could also influence adaptative immunity by interacting with dendritic cells (DC) in the early phase of the immune response. To investigate this hypothesis, gamma delta T cells isolated from the(More)
The mechanisms governing infiltration of lymphocytes into tumors remain poorly characterized, in spite of the critical impact of these cells on patient prognosis and therapeutic responses. High endothelial venules (HEV) are blood vessels found in lymphoid tissues, specialized in lymphocyte recruitment, but their implications in human cancer are unknown. In(More)
Although gammadelta T cells express clonally distributed T-cell receptors (TCRs), a hallmark of adaptive immunity, they are classically considered as innate-like effectors, owing to the high frequency of preactivated gammadelta T cells, with restricted antigen recognition repertoire in particular tissue locations. Actually, such features are shared only by(More)
Vgamma9Vdelta2 cells, a major peripheral blood gammadelta T cell subset in adults, recognize non-peptidic phosphorylated metabolites referred to as phosphoantigens (phosphoAg), which are produced by a broad array of prokaryotic and eukaryotic organisms. We will review here the biosynthetic pathways leading to production of phosphoAg and our current(More)
Vgamma9Vdelta2(+) cells represent the major population of gammadelta T cells in primate blood and react in an MHC-unrestricted fashion to a set of low m.w. nonpeptide phosphoantigens. Two types of structurally related agonists have been discovered so far: the natural phosphoantigens (hydroxydimethyl allyl-pyrophosphate or isopentenyl-pyrophosphate (IPP))(More)
In human blood, 1% to 5% of lymphocytes are gammadelta T cells; they mostly express the gammadelta T-cell receptor (TCR)Vgamma9, recognize nonpeptide phosphoantigens (PAgs) produced by microbes and tumor cells, and mediate different modes of lytic activities directed against tumor target cells. Antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity (ADCC) mediated(More)
Human TCRVgamma9Vdelta2+ gammadelta cells are unconventional T lymphocytes which had not been specifically mobilized in any cancer vaccine or immunotherapy so far, although they present the major advantage of mediating an HLA-unrestricted highly cytotoxic activity directed against most human tumor cell types. The rapid development of highly selective small(More)
Natural killer (NK) and unconventional gammadelta T cells, by their ability to sense ligands induced by oncogenic stress on cell surface and to kill tumor cells without a need for clonal expansion, show a great therapeutic interest. They use numerous activating and inhibitory receptors which can function with some independence to trigger or inhibit(More)
The physiological functions of human TCRVgamma9Vdelta2(+) gammadelta lymphocytes reactive to non-peptide phosphoantigens contribute to cancer immunosurveillance and immunotherapy. However, their regulation by mesenchymal stem cells (MSC), multipotent and immunomodulatory progenitor cells able to infiltrate tumors, has not been investigated so far. By(More)