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The presence of three conserved peptide motifs shared by alpha2-fucosyltransferases, alpha6-fucosyltransferases, the protein-O-fucosyltransferase family 1 (POFUT1) and a newly identified protein-O-fucosyltransferase family 2 (POFUT2), together with evidence that the present genes encoding for these enzymes have originated from a common ancestor by(More)
We report the cloning of three splice variants of the FUT10 gene, encoding for active alpha-l-fucosyltransferase-isoforms of 391, 419, and 479 amino acids, and two splice variants of the FUT11 gene, encoding for two related alpha-l-fucosyltransferases of 476 and 492 amino acids. The FUT10 and FUT11 appeared 830 million years ago, whereas the other(More)
We have identified a homozygous G>A substitution in the donor splice site of intron 6 (IVS6 + 1G>A) of the cytidine monophosphate (CMP)-sialic acid transporter gene of Lec2 cells as the mutation responsible for their asialo phenotype. These cells were used in complementation studies to test the activity of the 2 CMP-sialic acid transporter cDNA alleles of a(More)
The product of the FUT8 gene transfers an alpha1-6 fucose on the innermost N-acetylglucosamine of the chitobiose core of N-glycans. Northern blot analysis shows four main transcripts of 3.0, 3.3, 3.9, and 4.2 kb in the embryo. The larger forms around 4-kb decrease in fetus and adult. Fourteen embryo transcripts of FUT8 were cloned. Twelve exons comprising(More)
Abnormal trophoblast differentiation is the main cause of gestational trophoblast diseases in the case of hydatidiform moles and choriocarcinomas. Here we investigated the expression patterns of two gene products, p16 and Bcl-2, implicated in cell cycle regulation and apoptosis, respectively, using immunohistochemistry during normal placenta(More)
Eleven samples of DNA from choriocarcinomas were studied by high resolution CGH-array 244 K. They were studied after histopathological confirmation of the diagnosis, of the androgenic etiology and after a microsatellite marker analysis confirming the absence of contamination of tumor DNA from maternal DNA. Three cell lines, BeWo, JAR, JEG were also studied(More)
Edification of the human hematopoietic system during development is characterized by the production of waves of hematopoietic cells separated in time, formed in distinct embryonic sites (ie, yolk sac, truncal arteries including the aorta, and placenta). The embryonic liver is a major hematopoietic organ wherein hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) expand, and(More)
"The battle of the sexes begins in the zygote" W. Reik and J. Walter. Complete hydatidiform mole (CHM) is a pathology of the placenta with androgenetic diploid origin (chromosomes only from paternal origin). Placental villi present an abnormal hyperproliferation and hydropic degeneration associated with the absence of embryo. Three mechanisms can be(More)
PRINS has proven to be an attractive alternative to FISH for in situ DNA labeling. PRINS is specific, simple, and rapid. We review some applications of PRINS involving primers specific for telomeric, human Alu, and centromeric alpha-satellite sequences. Bicolor labeling, PRINS-FISH, or PRINS-immunofluorescent combinations have been developed to enable(More)
Trophoblast cell adhesion and migration are carefully coordinated during normal placental development. We have compared the expression of three adhesion molecules, E-cadherin, β-catenin, and Lewis x, by immunohistochemistry during normal trophoblast differentiation, and in hydatidiform moles and choriocarcinomas. Both E-cadherin and β-catenin were expressed(More)