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Eighteen- to 60-month-old iron-deficient anemic children given iron therapy (n = 25) and a control group matched for mother's educational level showed no significant difference in mean mental development score at baseline. The control group's mean score was increased significantly over baseline score at 3 and 6 months and was significantly higher than the(More)
Life-threatening disease can trigger positive effects such as greater appreciation for life and enhanced interpersonal relationships. Little research has examined these salutary effects or their association with quality of life (QOL). Adult bone marrow transplantation (BMT) survivors (n=90) were interviewed regarding psychosocial sequelae of BMT and(More)
The intellectual and educational status of 108 children with very low birth weight (less than or equal to 1,500 g), born from 1965 to 1978, was evaluated and tested on standard tests (eight children with severe handicaps were excluded) at 8 years of age. Fifty-seven were further evaluated at 11 years of age. Six categorical outcomes were defined a priori,(More)
Between 1969 and 1978 we treated 22 low birth weight infants for delayed onset posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus. All developed clinical signs of hydrocephalus after 2 weeks of age. The diagnosis was determined in 12 infants before August 1974, and they were treated by surgical placement of a shunt. In the ten infants born after September 1974, an attempt was(More)
Developmental rates and standard scores are examined for 56 infants in 4 gestational age groups by repeated measurements on the mental scale of the Bayley Scales of Infant Development. Rates across the first year of life can be predicted largely by a biological model that assumes equality of development for infants of the same conceptual age. However,(More)
OBJECTIVE To learn directly from adolescents living in a challenging environment what they believe would most influence their likelihood of achieving a positive future. DESIGN A teen-centered methodology used focus groups, nominal group technique sessions, and a survey to allow adolescents to develop, prioritize, and explain their own solutions.(More)
The mental development and neurologic outcome of four sets of preterm twins, in whom one infant within each pair developed posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus during the neonatal period, were assessed. Each hydrocephalic infant presented with signs of increased intracranial pressure and required placement of a ventriculoperitoneal shunt. Three of the four(More)
UNLABELLED Inner-city youth must overcome many environmental challenges as they strive for success. Their outcome is influenced by the interplay of protective forces and risk factors. OBJECTIVE To learn directly from youth what solutions they believe would most influence their likelihood of achieving a positive future. DESIGN In-school 8th-, 9th-, and(More)