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The SLX4 Fanconi anemia protein is a tumor suppressor that may act as a key regulator that engages the cell into specific genome maintenance pathways. Here, we show that the SLX4 complex is a SUMO E3 ligase that SUMOylates SLX4 itself and the XPF subunit of the DNA repair/recombination XPF-ERCC1 endonuclease. This SLX4-dependent activity is mediated by a… (More)
The maintenance of genetic stability depends on the fine-tuned initiation and termination of pathways involved in cell cycle checkpoints and DNA repair. Here, we describe a new pathway that regulates checkpoint kinase 1 (CHK1) activity, a key element controlling both checkpoints and DNA repair. We show that the ubiquitin-specific peptidase 1 (USP1)… (More)
Fanconi anemia (FA) is a cancer-prone hereditary disease resulting from mutations in one of the 13 genes defining the FANC/BRCA pathway. This pathway is involved in the cellular resistance to DNA-cross-linking agents. How the FANC/BRCA pathway is activated and why its deficiency leads to the accumulation of FA cells with a 4N DNA content are still poorly… (More)
Replication stress has emerged as a key driver of oncogenesis but also represents an Achilles' heel of cancer cells. Newly reported SUMO binding and SUMO ligase functions of the DNA repair protein SLX4 that influence the outcome of replication stress open new avenues for investigating the roles played by SLX4 in tumorigenesis.
Fanconi anemia (FA) is a recessive cancer prone syndrome featuring bone marrow failure and hypersensitivity to DNA crosslinks. Nine FA genes have been isolated so far. The biochemical function(s) of the FA proteins remain(s) poorly determined. However, a large consensus exists on the evidence that, to cope with DNA cross-links, a cell needs a functional FA… (More)
The aim of this study was to identify novel substrates of the FANCcore complex, the inactivation of which leads to the genetic disorder Fanconi anemia, which is associated with bone marrow failure, developmental abnormalities and a predisposition to cancer. Eight FANC proteins participate in the nuclear FANCcore complex, which functions as an E3… (More)
Oncogenes trigger replicative stress that can lead to genetic instability, which participates in cancer progression. Thus, determining how cells cope with replicative stress can help our understanding of oncogenesis and lead to the identification of new antitumor treatment targets. We previously showed that constitutive overexpression of the oncogenic… (More)