Jean-Hervé Lignot

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Intestinal hexose absorption and gluconeogenesis have been studied in relation to refeeding after two different fasting phases: a long period of protein sparing during which energy expenditure is derived from lipid oxidation (phase II), and a later phase characterized by a rise in plasma corticosterone triggering protein catabolism (phase III). Such a(More)
The postprandial morphological changes of the intestinal epithelium of Burmese pythons were examined using fasting pythons and at eight time points after feeding. In fasting pythons, tightly packed enterocytes possess very short microvilli and are arranged in a pseudostratified fashion. Enterocyte width increases by 23% within 24 h postfeeding, inducing(More)
In order to evaluate the potential use of environmental scanning electron microscopy (ESEM) in biology, structural changes of the jejunal villi of rats were studied after periods of fasting and refeeding, using a conventional scanning electron microscope (CSEM) and ESEM. While observation using the CSEM, involves chemical fixation, drying and coating,(More)
Intestinal villus atrophy through prolonged fasting was studied according to two different metabolic phases reached by fasting animals and characterized by (a) the mobilization of fat stores as body fuel and (b) an increase in protein catabolism for energy expenditure. The mechanisms involved in the rapid jejunal restoration after refeeding were also(More)
The localization of Na+,K+-ATPase in epithelia of the organs of the branchial cavity of Homarus gammarus exposed to seawater and dilute seawater was examined by immunofluorescence microscopy and immunogold electron microscopy with a monoclonal antibody IgGα5 raised against the avian α-subunit of the Na+,K+-ATPase. In juveniles held in seawater, fluorescent(More)
The ontogeny of osmoregulation was examined in the branchial cavity of embryonic and early post-embryonic stages of the crayfish Astacus leptodactylus maintained in freshwater, at the sub-cellular level through the detection of the sodium–potassium adenosine triphosphatase (Na+,K+-ATPase). The embryonic rate of development was calculated according to the(More)
The morphology of the digestive system in fasting and refed Burmese pythons was determined, as well as the localization of the proton (H(+), K(+)-ATPase) and sodium (Na(+), K(+)-ATPase) pumps. In fasting pythons, oxyntopeptic cells located within the fundic glands are typically non-active, with a thick apical tubulovesicular system and numerous zymogen(More)
Intestinal apoptosis and expression of apoptosis inducers – the cytokines TNFα, TGFβ1 – and the intestinal transcription factor Cdx2, were studied according to two different metabolic and hormonal phases which characterize long-term fasting: the long period of protein sparing during which energy expenditure is derived from lipid oxidation (phase II), and(More)
Aestivation or daily torpor is an adaptive tactic to survive hot and dry periods of low food availability, and has been documented for species of lungfishes, teleost fishes, amphibians, reptiles, birds, and mammals. Among these species, aestivation is characterized by inactivity and fasting, and for lungfishes and amphibians the formation of a cocoon around(More)