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Internal gas tamponade is employed with no episcleral buckle and can be combined with or without a vitrectomy for the surgical treatment of some forms of retinal detachment. These techniques are for forms of retinal detachment with no proliferative vitreoretinopathy that are being operated upon for the first time and have one or several breaks located on(More)
Focused high intensity therapeutic ultrasound has been since 1982 by Coleman and all. to treat patients with uncontrollable intraocular pressure. Three mechanisms may be responsible for lowering intraocular pressure: decreased aqueous humor production in the ciliary epithelium, transscleara outflow of aqueous humor, and increased uveal outflow. We began the(More)
Observation with long follow-up of the first 200 cases of intraocular injection of silicone combined with vitrectomy led us to discover three major complications: cataract, keratopathy and hypertonia, the last two found only in aphakic eyes. No toxic action of silicone could be proved to explain these complications. They seem to be related to physical(More)
The clinical features and results of surgical management of 68 out of a series of 101 cases of traumatic retinal detachment in childhood are described and analysed. Follow-up, in particular after the removal of silicon oil used temporarily, was always been longer than six months. Cases were divided into three groups: contusions, ocular injuries without(More)
A new familial syndrome that affected 3 of 7 siblings is described. All 3 patients were young women with a very peculiar phenotype, poikilodermia and hair greying, and idiopathic nonarteriosclerotic cerebral calcifications. Pathological studies demonstrated a marked and progressive hyalinosis involving capillaries and often arterioles and small veins of the(More)
Silicone oil injection followed by retinotomy was performed in a second series of 37 patients with retinal detachment and advanced proliferative vitreoretinopathy. The retina posteriorly to the retinotomy was attached in 16 eyes with at least 18 months of follow-up. Ambulatory vision or better vision was restored in 12 eyes. The size and the site of the(More)
We performed surgical scleral buckling with an encircling band to prevent retinal detachment in twenty eyes with severe ocular injury (three contusions, seventeen penetrating eye injuries including twelve eyes with intraocular foreign bodies). All surgical buckling were performed during the two weeks following the injury. The purpose of this surgical(More)
In order to assess the relationships between vitrectomy and postoperative crystalline lens changes we reviewed the records of 298 selected cases of operated retinal detachments in phakic eyes. We compared two groups: 155 eyes were operated with cryotherapy, vitrectomy and gas injection. 143 eyes received cryotherapy and retro-hyaloid fluid-gas exchange.(More)
Progress in the treatment of vitreoretinal proliferation has led ophthalmic surgeons to combine vitrectomy, peeling of the epiretinal membrane and silicone oil injection with surgery on the retina. The intervention consists either of a circular subtotal retinectomy leaving only the retina of the posterior pole and a retinal crown of two papillary diameters(More)
The surgical treatment of rhegmatogenous retinal detachment, has considerably improved. But there are still a lot of failures, at least after the first surgical procedure. Out of a group of 320 retinal detachments, a one stage surgical procedure allowed the retina to reattach in 84% of cases. Out of the 51 failures, we defined 2 subgroups: the early(More)