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Policy based management in service oriented architecture (SOA) allows organizations to apply rules and regulations on their business processes. Policy has long been employed in the management of traditional distributed systems and many policy frameworks have been proposed. However, SOA differs in several aspects to traditional systems thus there is a unique(More)
Experience has shown us that object-oriented technology alone is not enough to guarantee that systems we develop will be ex-ible and adaptable. Even \well-designed" object-oriented software may be diicult to understand and adapt to new requirements. We propose a conceptual framework that would help yield more exible object-oriented systems by encouraging(More)
The requirement for 24/7 availability of distributed applications complicates their maintenance and evolution as shutting down such applications to perform updates may not be an acceptable solution. Therefore, there is a need to be able to update these applications dynamically, i.e. without shutting them down. Current solutions for building dynamically(More)
Cloud computing delivers computing as a utility to users worldwide. A consequence of this model is that cloud data centres have high deployment and operational costs, as well as significant carbon footprints for the environment. We need to develop Green Cloud Computing (GCC) solutions that reduce these deployment and operational costs and thus save energy(More)
Business requirements, such as regulations and laws, corporate policies, quality of service aspects, etc. affect the management of enterprise-scale SOA systems during different life-cycle stages. Such requirements also induce interdependencies across different elements and aspects of an SOA system. Therefore, a systematic approach to SOA management must be(More)
The development of flexible and reusable abstractions for software composition has suffered from the inherent problem that reusability and extensibility are limited due to position-dependent parameters. To tackle this problem, we have defined forms, immutable extensible records, that allow for the specification of compositional abstractions in a(More)
The aim of this study was to measure the concentration of creatine in Langendorff perfused rat hearts, both by quantitative (1)H-MRS and by high-pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC). First, the relaxation times and other parameters affecting absolute quantification by MRS were determined. At 11.75 T, the relaxation times of myocardial creatine were T(1) =(More)
In a competitive market like the App Store, high user perceived quality is paramount, especially due to the public review system offered. These reviews give developers feedback on their own apps, as well as help provide data for competitor analysis. However, given the size of the data set, manual analysis of reviews is unrealistic, especially given the need(More)
Real software systems change and become more complex over time. But which parts change and which parts remain stable? Common wisdom, for example, states that in a well-designed object-oriented system, the more popular a class is, the less likely it is to change from one version to the next, since changes to this class are likely to impact its clients. We(More)