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Several N(1)-substituted polyamines containing various spacer units between nitrogen centers were synthesized as their respective HCl salts. The N(1)-substituents included benzyl, naphthalen-1-ylmethyl, anthracen-9-ylmethyl, and pyren-1-ylmethyl. The polyamine spacer units ranged from generic (4,4-triamine, 4,3-triamine, and diaminooctane) spacers to more(More)
Polyamines are believed to be potent vectors for the selective delivery of chemotherapeutic agents into cancer cells. In this paper, we report the effect of spermine conjugation on the cytotoxic and transport properties of acridine. Six derivatives, composed of a spermine chain attached at its N(1) position to an acridine via an aliphatic chain, were(More)
A series of nine N(1)-(9-anthracenylmethyl)tetraamines (e.g., Ant-4,4,4-tetraamine) were synthesized and evaluated for cytotoxicity in L1210, alpha-difluoromethylornithine (DFMO)-treated L1210, Chinese hamster ovary (CHO), and CHO-MG cell lines. Surprisingly, the 3,3,4- and 3,4,3-tetraamine motifs had the same or decreased cytotoxicity in DFMO-treated L1210(More)
At the end of oogenesis, Xenopus laevis stage VI oocytes are arrested at the G2/M transition (prophase) waiting for progesterone to release the block and begin maturation. Progesterone triggers a cascade of phosphorylation events such as a decrease of pK(a) and an increase of maturating-promoting factor activity. Progression through meiosis was controlled(More)
Polyamines (putrescine, spermidine, and spermine) are essential for growth and survival of all cells. When polyamine biosynthesis is inhibited, there is up-regulation of import. The mammalian polyamine transport system is unknown. We have previously shown that the heparan sulfate (HS) side chains of recycling glypican-1 (Gpc-1) can sequester spermine, that(More)
The Aurora kinases are involved in the regulation of cell cycle progression, and alterations in their expression have been shown to associate with cell malignant transformation. In the present study, we demonstrated that human thyrocytes express all 3 Aurora kinases (A, B and C) at both protein and mRNA level and this expression is cell cycle-regulated. An(More)
The polyamine transport system (PTS) is an energy-dependent machinery frequently overactivated in cancer cells with a high demand for polyamines. We have exploited the PTS to selectively deliver a polyamine-containing drug to cancer cells. F14512 combines an epipodophyllotoxin core-targeting topoisomerase II with a spermine moiety introduced as a cell(More)
An efficient modular synthesis of N(1)-substituted triamines containing different tether lengths between nitrogen centers was developed. A series of N(1)-(9-anthracenylmethyl)triamines were evaluated for biological activity in L1210 (murine leukemia), alpha-difluoromethylornithine (DFMO)-treated L1210, Chinese hamster ovary (CHO), and CHO-MG cell lines. All(More)
The depsidone 9'-( O-methyl)protocetraric acid was isolated from the lichen Cladonia convoluta (Lam.) Anders along with the known (-)-usnic acid and fumarprotocetraric acid. The complete structure of 9'-( O-methyl)protocetraric acid was elucidated using HSQC and HMBC spectral data. (-)-Usnic acid was the only compound to display a moderate cytotoxic(More)
Xenopus laevis Aurora-A is phosphorylated in vivo onto three amino acids: Ser53, Thr295 and Ser349. The activation of the kinase depends on its autophosphorylation on Thr295 within the T-loop. The phosphorylation of Ser53 by still unknown kinase(s) prevents its degradation. The present work focused on the regulation of Aurora-A function via Ser349(More)