Jean Grisouard

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Insulin and insulin analogs stimulate proliferation of human mammary epithelial cells. We identified and analyzed the signaling pathways related to cell proliferation induced by regular insulin and by four insulin analogs presently approved for therapeutical use. Benign and malignant mammary cell lines showing different insulin receptor (IR) and IGF-I(More)
Like other steroid hormone receptors, estrogen receptor-alpha (ERalpha) is a substrate for protein kinases, and phosphorylation has profound effects on the function and activity of this receptor. A number of different kinases have been implicated in ERalpha regulation. In this report we show by mutational analysis and in vitro kinase assays that ERalpha is(More)
Obesity-related insulin resistance is linked to a chronic state of systemic and adipose tissue-derived inflammation. Glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) is an incretin hormone also acting on adipocytes. We investigated whether GIP affects inflammation, lipolysis, and insulin resistance in human adipocytes. Human subcutaneous(More)
Major progress has been recently made in understanding the molecular pathogenesis of myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN). Mutations in one of four genes-JAK2, MPL, CALR, and CSF3R-can be found in the vast majority of patients with MPN and represent driver mutations that can induce the MPN phenotype. Hyperactive JAK/STAT signaling appears to be the common(More)
Severe systemic infections induce ubiquitous calcitonin (CALC) gene expression with release of calcitonin peptides, namely procalcitonin, calcitonin gene-related peptide and adrenomedullin. Using an in vitro model for bacterial infection, we tested the hypothesis that intracellular calcium concentration ([Ca(2+)](i)) is elevated after lipopolysaccharide(More)
To evaluate the effect of metformin on basal and insulin-induced glucose uptake in subcutaneous and visceral preadipocyte-derived adipocytes from obese and non-obese patients, preadipocytes were obtained from subcutaneous and visceral fat depots during abdominal surgery. Differentiation efficiency was evaluated by measurement of intracellular triglyceride(More)
4. Suchanek O, Sadler R, Bateman EA, Patel SY, Ferry BL. Immunophenotyping of putative human B1 B cells in healthy controls and common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) patients. Clin Exp Immunol. 2012;170(3): 333-341. 5. Mabbott NA, Gray D. Identification of co-expressed gene signatures in mouse B1, marginal zone and B2 B-cell populations [published online(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the effects of metformin on lipolysis and hormone sensitive lipase (HSL) phosphorylation in human adipocytes treated with lipolytic and inflammatory agents. METHODS Lipolysis and phosphorylation status of HSL were assessed in subcutaneous pre-adipocytes surgically isolated from patients and differentiated into mature adipocytes in(More)
Glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK-3) plays a key role in the regulation of transcription factors including steroid receptors. Having identified estrogen receptor-alpha (ERalpha) as substrate for GSK-3, the impact of GSK-3 on ERalpha function and activity upon 17beta-estradiol (E2)-dependent activation remains to be clarified. Here we show by using small(More)
Protein kinases represent key nodes for the integration of multiple intracellular signalling pathways, resulting in modulation of both ligand-dependent and ligand-independent mechanisms of sex steroid receptor (sSR) signalling cascades. The proline-directed Ser/Thr kinases including mitogen-activated protein kinases and cyclin dependent kinases were(More)