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Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is associated with obesity, insulin resistance, and type 2 diabetes. NAFLD represents a large spectrum of diseases ranging from (i) fatty liver (hepatic steatosis); (ii) steatosis with inflammation and necrosis; and (iii) cirrhosis. Although the molecular mechanism leading to the development of hepatic steatosis in(More)
The metabolic response to the first fast experienced by all mammals has been studied in the newborn rat. Levels of fuels and hormones have been compared in the fetal and maternal circulations at term. Then, after cesarean section just before the normal time of birth, sequential changes in the same parameters were quantified during the first 16 h of the(More)
Starvation in 15 geese (mean initial body mass, m = 6.3 kg) fasting for about 40 days (mean decrease in m = 2.5 kg) was characterized by three periods. Period I (3-8 days), an adaptation period, was marked by a considerable decrease in the daily rate of change in m (dm) as well as in resting metabolic rate (RMR), and by high fat mobilization. In period II(More)
Obesity is a disorder of energy balance, indicating a chronic disequilibrium between energy intake and expenditure. Recently, the mouse ob gene, and subsequently its human and rat homologues, have been cloned. The ob gene product, leptin, is expressed exclusively in adipose tissue, and appears to be a signalling factor regulating body-weight homeostasis and(More)
Eighteen diabetic patients with lactic acidosis (L.A.) were analyzed for possible causal factors, metabolic changes, and efficacy of treatment. An antecedent phenformin therapy was performed in fifteen cases and was associated with renal insufficiency in ten cases and liver disease in eight cases. Tissular anoxia of primary hemodynamic or respiratory origin(More)
Two sisters developed severe hypoglycemia at 8 months of age, resulting in death in one of them. Metabolic studies of the second revealed decline of blood glucose concentration and low plasma ketone body values during a 20-hour fast, both reversed by administration of medium-chain triglycerides. Carnitine palmitoyl transferase activity was absent in the(More)
In mammals, the regulation of hepatic metabolism plays a key role in whole body energy balance, since the liver is the major site of carbohydrate metabolism (glycolysis and glycogen synthesis) and triglyceride synthesis (lipogenesis). Lipogenesis is regulated through the acute control of key enzyme activities by means of allosteric and covalent(More)
Regulation of gene expression by nutrients is an important mechanism in the adaptation of mammals to their nutritional environment. This is especially true for enzymes involved in the storage of energy, such as the lipogenic and glycolytic enzymes in liver and adipose tissue. Transcription of the genes for lipogenic and glycolytic enzymes is stimulated by(More)
OBJECTIVE Carbohydrate-responsive element-binding protein (ChREBP) is a key transcription factor that mediates the effects of glucose on glycolytic and lipogenic genes in the liver. We have previously reported that liver-specific inhibition of ChREBP prevents hepatic steatosis in ob/ob mice by specifically decreasing lipogenic rates in vivo. To better(More)
Grb14 is a member of the Grb7 family of adapters and acts as a negative regulator of insulin-mediated signaling. Here we found that the protein kinase Czeta (PKCzeta) interacting protein, ZIP, interacted with Grb14. Coimmunoprecipitation experiments demonstrated that ZIP bound to both Grb14 and PKCzeta, thereby acting as a link in the assembly of a(More)