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We generated four transgenic mice with a 34 kb genomic fragment including the complete human neurofilament heavy (NF-H) gene. This human NF-H fragment contained all regulatory elements for tissue-specific expression, and in two transgenic lines, human NF-H proteins were produced at levels up to 2-fold the levels of endogenous mouse NF-H protein. By 3-4(More)
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a degenerative disease of motor neurons, characterized by depositions of neurofilaments in the perikarya and proximal axons. The pathogenesis of ALS remains poorly understood, but two lines of evidence suggest that neurofilament accumulation may play a causal role. First, transgenic mice that overexpress neurofilament(More)
We discuss the evidence, based on the analysis of transgenic mice overexpressing the human neurofilament (NF) heavy gene, that abnormal NF accumulations can provoke neurodegeneration of motor neurons. Transgenic mice overexpressing by two-fold the normal levels of human NF-H proteins develop a progressive motor neuron disease with several pathologic(More)
The anxiolytic activity of methylclonazepam was compared to lorazepam and placebo in a double-blind, randomized cross-over study, using a latin square design, in 18 inpatients meeting Research Diagnostic Criteria for Generalized Anxiety Disorders. Patients presented at least 1 year of symptomatology and had a minimum score of 20 on the Hamilton Anxiety(More)
We reported recently that transgenic mice overexpressing human neurofilament heavy (NF-H) proteins develop a progressive neurological disorder with pathological features resembling those found in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) (Côté et al 1993). A simple behavioral test, the grasping ability, has been used here for evaluating the motor dysfunction(More)
Fragmentation of the Golgi apparatus (GA) of motor neurons was first described in sporadic amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and later confirmed in transgenic mice expressing the G93A mutation of the gene encoding the enzyme Cu,Zn superoxide dismutase (SOD1(G93A)) found in some cases of familial ALS. In these transgenic mice, however, the fragmentation of(More)
Static scheduling consists in compile-time mapping of operations onto logical execution dates. However, scheduling so far only applies to static control programs, i.e. roughly to nests of do (or for) l o o p s. T o extend scheduling to dynamic control programs, one needs a method that 1) is consistent with unpredictable control ows (and thus unpredictable(More)
In order to develop practical criteria to guide in the selection of antidepressant medication according to depressive symptomatology, we propose a graphical representation of the clinical activity of 24 antidepressants according to a "star" model. Six parameters have been evaluated from 0 to 5 in comparison to reference drugs (rated 5) by 11 independent(More)