Jean-Francois Mouillet

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Endogenous microRNAs (miRNAs) post-transcriptionally regulate mRNA and protein expression during tissue development and function. Whereas adaptation to environmental insults are tightly regulated in human tissues, the role of miRNAs and miRNA biogenesis proteins in this context is inadequately explored. We sought to analyse the expression of the key RNAi(More)
The largest gene cluster of human microRNAs (miRNAs), the chromosome 19 miRNA cluster (C19MC), is exclusively expressed in the placenta and in undifferentiated cells. The precise expression pattern and function of C19MC members are unknown. We sought to profile the relative expression of C19MC miRNAs in primary human trophoblast (PHT) cells and exosomes.(More)
Among different types of small RNA molecules, distinct types of microRNAs (miRNAs) are expressed in many cell types, where they modulate RNA stability and translation, thus controlling virtually every aspect of tissue development, proliferation, differentiation, and function. Aberrant miRNA expression has been linked to discrete pathologic processes. As the(More)
Members of the DEAD-box family of helicases, distinguished by a core characteristic sequence of Asp-Glu-Ala-Asp, are expressed in a wide range of prokaryotes and eukaryotes and exhibit diverse cellular functions, including DNA transcription, recombination and repair, RNA processing, translation, and posttranslational regulation. Although ubiquitous, the(More)
Placental trophoblasts form the interface between the fetal and maternal environments and serve to limit the maternal-fetal spread of viruses. Here we show that cultured primary human placental trophoblasts are highly resistant to infection by a number of viruses and, importantly, confer this resistance to nonplacental recipient cells by exosome-mediated(More)
Acting through degradation of target mRNA or inhibition of translation, microRNAs (miRNAs) regulate development, differentiation, and cellular response to diverse cues. We analyzed changes in miRNA expression in human placental trophoblasts exposed to hypoxia, which may result from hypoperfusion and placental injury. Using an miRNA microarray screen,(More)
The DEAD-box helicase DP103 (Ddx20, Gemin3) is a multifunctional protein that interacts with Epstein-Barr virus nuclear proteins (EBNA2/EBNA3) and is a part of the spliceosomal small nuclear ribonucleoproteins complex. DP103 also aggregates with the micro-RNA machinery complex. We have previously shown that DP103 interacts with the nuclear receptor(More)
During the past decade, various types of small non-coding RNAs were found to be expressed in all kingdoms and phyla of life. Intense research efforts have begun to shed light on their biological functions, although much remains to be determined in order to fully characterize their scope of biological action. Typically, small RNAs provide sequence(More)
Tight regulation of luteinizing hormone-beta subunit (LHbeta) expression is critical for differentiation and maturation of mammalian sexual organs and reproductive function. Two transcription factors, steroidogenic factor-1 (SF-1) and early growth response-1 (Egr-1), play a central role in activating LHbeta promoter, and the synergy between these two(More)
Early in pregnancy, trophoblast invasion into the decidua and inner myometrium is essential for establishment of proper implantation, maternal-fetal exchange, and immunological tolerance of the feto-placental allograft. Unlike villous trophoblasts (VTs), extravillous trophoblasts (EVTs) are unique in their capacity to invade the maternal decidua and(More)