Jean-François Tomb

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The phylogenetic diversity of Bacteria and Archaea within a biodegraded, mesothermic petroleum reservoir in the Schrader Bluff Formation of Alaska was examined by two culture-independent methods based on fosmid and small-subunit rRNA gene PCR clone libraries. Despite the exclusion of certain groups by each method, there was overall no significant(More)
We report the identification of bifunctional Delta12/omega3 desaturases from Fusarium moniliforme, Fusarium graminearum, and Magnaporthe grisea. The bifunctional activity of these desaturases distinguishes them from all known Delta12 or omega3 fatty acid desaturases. The omega3 desaturase activity of these enzymes also shows a broad omega6 fatty acid(More)
Acetate is the major source of methane in nature. The majority of investigations have focused on acetotrophic methanogens for which energy-conserving electron transport is dependent on the production and consumption of H2 as an intermediate, although the great majority of acetotrophs are unable to metabolize H2. The presence of cytochrome c and a complex(More)
The homotrimeric enzyme Mt-Cam from Methanosarcina thermophila is the archetype of the gamma class of carbonic anhydrases. A search of databases queried with Mt-Cam revealed that a majority of the homologs comprise a putative subclass (CamH) in which there is major conservation of all of the residues essential for the archetype Mt-Cam except Glu62 and an(More)
Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) revealed three previously uncharacterized megaplasmids in the genome of Rhodococcus erythropolis AN12. These megaplasmids, pREA400, pREA250, and pREA100, are approximately 400, 250, and 100kb, respectively, based on their migration in pulsed-field gels. Genetic screening of an AN12 transposon insertion library showed(More)
Each of the genomic sequences of Methanosarcina acetivorans, Methanosarcina mazei, and Methanosarcina thermophila revealed two homologs of mtaA, three homologs of mtaB, and three homologs of mtaC encoding enzymes specific for methanogenesis from methanol. Two-dimensional gel electrophoretic analyses of polypeptides from M. thermophila established that(More)
Elementary flux modes (EFMs) have been claimed as one of the most promising approaches for pathway analysis. These are a set of vectors that emerge from the stoichiometric matrix of a biochemical network through the use of convex analysis. The computation of all EFMs of a given network is an NP-hard problem and existing algorithms do not scale well.(More)