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The mechanisms underlying the immunomodulatory functions of mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) on dendritic cells (DC) have been shown to involve soluble factors, such as IL-6 or TGF-beta, or cell-cell contact, or both depending on the report referenced. In this study, we intend to clarify these mechanisms by examining the immunosuppressive effect of human adult(More)
Due to their intrinsic properties, stem cells are promising tools for new developments in tissue engineering and particularly for cartilage tissue regeneration. Although mesenchymal stromal/stem cells from bone marrow (BM-MSC) have long been the most used stem cell source in cartilage tissue engineering, they have certain limits. Thanks to their properties(More)
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have the potential to differentiate into distinct mesenchymal tissue cells. They are easy to expand while maintaining their undifferentiated state, which suggests that these cells could be an attractive cell source for tissue engineering of cartilage. In vitro high density micromass culture has been widely used for(More)
It is well known today that mechanical forces are one of the important factors that induce a variety of cellular responses including morphological changes, protein synthesis, and gene expression and which are involve in tissue remodelling. We studied the effect of uniaxial cyclic stretching on the proliferation, collagens, and tenascin C mRNA expression of(More)
Cell therapy with bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) is a new strategy for treating ischemic heart failure, but data concerning the distribution and retention of transplanted cells remain poor. We investigated the short-term myocardial retention of BMSCs when these cells are directly injected within necrotic or intact myocardium.(More)
Hyaluronic acid (HA) has a high affinity for the CD44 receptor present at the surface of articular cells, particularly of chondrocytes. HA-covered polylactide nanoparticles containing bioactive compounds such as HA and chondroitin sulfate (CS) were thus prepared in order to achieve a controlled delivery targeted to cartilage cells after injection near(More)
The formation ofpolysaccharide films based on the alternate deposition of chitosan (CHI) and hyaluronan (HA) was investigated by several techniques. The multilayer buildup takes place in two stages: during the first stage, the surface is covered by isolated islets that grow and coalesce as the construction goes on. After several deposition steps, a(More)
Both chondrocytes and mensenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are the most used cell sources for cartilage tissue engineering. However, monolayer expansion to obtain sufficient cells leads to a rapid chondrocyte dedifferentiation and a subsequent ancillary reduced ability of MSCs to differentiate into chondrocytes, thus limiting their application in cartilage(More)
OBJECTIVE Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) participate in the bone marrow microenvironment by providing growth factors and matrix proteins, which play a role in the regulation of hematopoiesis, through cell-to-cell interactions. Recently, MSC have been demonstrated to improve expansion of cord blood heamtopoietic stem cells (HSC). METHODS In this(More)
BACKGROUND Non-union of long bones is still a current problem in traumatology. Although corticocancellous bone autograft remains the usual procedure for the treatment of non-union, innovative therapies such as, percutaneous autologous concentrated bone marrow grafting (PABMG), are now appearing. MATERIAL AND METHODS Over a period of 8 years, 45 non-union(More)