Jean-François Stoltz

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The mechanisms underlying the immunomodulatory functions of mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) on dendritic cells (DC) have been shown to involve soluble factors, such as IL-6 or TGF-beta, or cell-cell contact, or both depending on the report referenced. In this study, we intend to clarify these mechanisms by examining the immunosuppressive effect of human adult(More)
OBJECTIVE Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) participate in the bone marrow microenvironment by providing growth factors and matrix proteins, which play a role in the regulation of hematopoiesis, through cell-to-cell interactions. Recently, MSC have been demonstrated to improve expansion of cord blood heamtopoietic stem cells (HSC). METHODS In this(More)
The formation ofpolysaccharide films based on the alternate deposition of chitosan (CHI) and hyaluronan (HA) was investigated by several techniques. The multilayer buildup takes place in two stages: during the first stage, the surface is covered by isolated islets that grow and coalesce as the construction goes on. After several deposition steps, a(More)
Cell therapy with bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) is a new strategy for treating ischemic heart failure, but data concerning the distribution and retention of transplanted cells remain poor. We investigated the short-term myocardial retention of BMSCs when these cells are directly injected within necrotic or intact myocardium.(More)
Due to their intrinsic properties, stem cells are promising tools for new developments in tissue engineering and particularly for cartilage tissue regeneration. Although mesenchymal stromal/stem cells from bone marrow (BM-MSC) have long been the most used stem cell source in cartilage tissue engineering, they have certain limits. Thanks to their properties(More)
Gamma-glutamyltranspeptidase (GGT) is a well known cell plasma membrane and serum circulating enzyme. In clinical chemistry, GGT is used as a marker of alcohol consumption and drug uptake. Serum GGT activity varies in hepatobiliary diseases and cancer. This enzyme is involved in glutathione (GSH) metabolism, which is generally associated with antioxidant(More)
Mesenchymal Stromal/Stem Cells from human Wharton's jelly (WJ-MSC) are an abundant and interesting source of stem cells for applications in cell and tissue engineering. Their fetal origin confers specific characteristics compared to Mesenchymal Stromal/Stem Cells isolated from human bone marrow (BM-MSC). The aim of this work was to optimize WJ-MSC culture(More)
Immune homeostasis is important for the protection of a host from pathogen aggression, as well as for preventing autoimmunity. Dendritic cells (DCs), the most potent antigen presenting cells, are critical in innate, adaptive immunity and in central tolerance. Recently, their involvement in peripheral tolerance has been shown. Whether DCs induce immunity or(More)
Hyaluronic acid (HA) has a high affinity for the CD44 receptor present at the surface of articular cells, particularly of chondrocytes. HA-covered polylactide nanoparticles containing bioactive compounds such as HA and chondroitin sulfate (CS) were thus prepared in order to achieve a controlled delivery targeted to cartilage cells after injection near(More)
Both chondrocytes and mensenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are the most used cell sources for cartilage tissue engineering. However, monolayer expansion to obtain sufficient cells leads to a rapid chondrocyte dedifferentiation and a subsequent ancillary reduced ability of MSCs to differentiate into chondrocytes, thus limiting their application in cartilage(More)