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Prenatal maternal stress has been shown to impair functioning in nonhuman primate offspring. Little is known about the effects of prenatal stress on intellectual and language development in humans because it is difficult to identify sufficiently large samples of pregnant women who have been exposed to an independent stressor. We took advantage of a natural(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine if postpartum depression (PPD) symptoms are more common in newcomer women than in Canadian-born women. METHODS Refugee, nonrefugee immigrant, asylum-seeking, and Canadian-born new mothers were administered questionnaires for depression, social support, interpersonal violence, and demographic information. We created a PPD variable(More)
The adaptation of parents to a disabled infant was studied in relation to the type of disability presented by the baby. Participants were divided according to three types of disability and one control group: patents of infants with (1) Down's syndrome (DS), (2) congenital heart disease (CHD), (3) a cleft lip and/or palate (CLP), and (4) no disability (ND).(More)
This study explored a multifactorial model for the understanding of the factors related to the intensity of prenatal emotional disturbances. Data were gathered from 213 pregnant women during the second trimester of pregnancy. Participants were assessed according to a number of psychosocial variables. Two types of prenatal emotional disturbances were(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to examine the association between paternal alcoholism, paternal absence, and the development and stability of behavioral problems in boys, from kindergarten to the end of elementary school. METHOD A sample of 642 boys originating from low socioeconomic status (SES) families was used. Paternal alcoholism was(More)
This study focused on the interaction between specific obstetrical complications and early family adversity in predicting violent behavior during childhood and adolescence, in a sample of 849 boys from low socioeconomic areas of Montreal, Canada. Obstetrical complication data from medical records were used to create three scales using a nonlinear principal(More)
This study explored a multifactorial model for the prediction of the intensity of depressive symptoms in postpartum women. Data were gathered from 213 pregnant women during the second trimester of pregnancy and at 6 months postpartum. Participants were assessed according to a number of psychosocial variables. A path analysis indicated that four variables(More)
There are over 214 million international migrants worldwide, half of whom are women, and all of them assigned by the receiving country to an immigration class. Immigration classes are associated with certain health risks and regulatory restrictions related to eligibility for health care. Prior to this study, reports of international migrant post-birth(More)
BACKGROUND Refugee and asylum-seeking women in Canada may have significant harmful childbearing health outcomes and unmet health and social care needs. The most vulnerable of these women are: those who have left their countries by force (e.g., war, rape or abuse histories), are separated from their families, have limited knowledge of the host country(More)
BACKGROUND Minority women from conflict-laden areas with limited host-country knowledge are among the most vulnerable migrants. Their risk status and that of their infants is magnified during pregnancy, birth, and post-birth. We conducted a study to determine whether women's postnatal health concerns were addressed by the Canadian health system(More)