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Despite its critical sociobiological importance, the brain processing of visual sexual stimuli has not been characterized precisely in human beings. We used Positron Emission Tomography (PET) to investigate responses of regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) in nine healthy males presented with visual sexual stimuli of graded intensity. Statistical Parametric(More)
Adequate fixative in immunohistochemistry requires not only a rapid and total immobilization of the antigen, but also a sufficient preservation of its immunoreactivity and maintenance of its accessibility to the immunochemical reagents for localization. Thus, the optimal fixation condition for a specific antigen necessitates a compromise between these(More)
Differences in cerebral activation between control subjects and post-lingually deaf rehabilitated cochlear implant patients were identified with PET under various speech conditions of different linguistic complexity. Despite almost similar performance in patients and controls, different brain activation patterns were elicited. In patients, an attentional(More)
It has been established that nerve cell bodies of the nucleus raphe dorsalis (NRD) belong to ascending 5-hydroxytryptamine systems. These neurons could be modulated by GABAergic interneurons or interposed GABA neurons. A high glutamate decarboxylase (GAD) activity in the NRD and a specific high-affinity uptake mechanism for GABA suggest the presence of GABA(More)
The possibility of a GABAergic innervation of the nucleus raphe dorsalis (NRD) has been investigated by using the following approaches: (i) the identification of the principal neuronal groups afferent to the NDR by using horseradish peroxidase retrograde transport, (ii) the determination of glutamate decarboxylase activity (GAD) in the NRD after lesioning(More)
Biochemical approaches were used in freely moving rats to determine, under steady-state conditions, the brain/arterial plasma partition coefficients of L-tryptophan and alpha-[3H]methyl-L-tryptophan, from which the lumped constant for the alpha-methyl-L-tryptophan method of estimating the rate of brain serotonin synthesis is calculated. The lumped constants(More)
High affinity serotonin (5HT) binding sites have been found highly concentrated in the substantia nigra (SN) of the rat brain in each classical anatomical subdivisions of this structure, SN reticulata (SNR), SN lateralis (SNL), SN compacta (SNC). In all of the anatomical samples examined along the posteroanterior brain axis (at 200 um intervals), they(More)
A specific and sensitive double immunocytochemical staining for the visualization of glutamate decarboxylase (GAD) and serotonin (5-HT) on the same brain section is developed. GAD is detected with specific GAD-antibodies by means of the unlabeled antibody enzyme, peroxidase anti-peroxidase, and serotonin with an antibody against the BSA-serotonin conjugate(More)
This paper summarizes the present status of the researches conducted with [(18)F]4-(2'-methoxyphenyl)-1-[2'-[N-(2"-pyridinyl)-p-fluorobenzamido ]ethyl]-piperazine known as [(18)F]p-MPPF, a new 5-HT(1A) antagonist for the study of the serotonergic neurotransmission with positron emission tomography (PET). This includes chemistry, radiochemistry, animal data(More)
By chronically implanting a glass micropipette filled with tritiated leucine in the raphe centralis superior of the rat, the projection of this nucleus was traced by radioautography. The majority of the ascending projections were located within the ventral tegmental area and, further rostrally, the median forebrain bundle. Along the course of this bundle(More)