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Quantitative bioluminescence resonance energy transfer (BRET) analysis was applied to the study of beta(1)- and beta(2)-adrenergic receptor homo- and heterodimerization. To assess the relative affinity between each of the protomers, BRET saturation experiments were carried out in HEK-293T cells. beta(1)- and beta(2)-adrenergic receptors were found to have(More)
Beta(1)- and beta(2)-adrenergic receptors (beta(1)AR and beta(2)AR) are co-expressed in numerous tissues where they play a central role in the responses of various organs to sympathetic stimulation. Although the two receptor subtypes share some signaling pathways, each has been shown to have specific signaling and regulatory properties. Given the recent(More)
Cadmium exposure is known to induce hypertension, but development of hypertension is not universal in exposed animals. However, the cellular uptake of cadmium could also exert renal cytotoxic effects which have been, until now, essentially only studied at the proximal tubule level. Kallikrein is an enzyme synthetized in renal cortex and excreted in the(More)
Although homodimerization has been demonstrated for a large number of G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs), no general role has been attributed to this process. Because it is known that oligomerization plays a key role in the quality control and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) export of many proteins, we sought to determine if homodimerization could play such a(More)
The emergence of resistance to existing classes of antiretroviral drugs underlines the need to find novel human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 targets for drug discovery. The viral capsid protein (CA) represents one such potential target. Recently, a series of benzodiazepine inhibitors was identified via high-throughput screening using an in vitro capsid(More)
In this article, we examine the low-field electrophoretic migration of infinitely small analytes in dilute sieving media made of nonconducting gel fibers. Using an Ogston obstruction model, we show that the electrophoretic mobility is not affected by the presence of curved field lines. In other words, the Nernst-Einstein relation between the mobility and(More)
The emergence of resistance to existing classes of antiretroviral drugs necessitates finding new HIV-1 targets for drug discovery. The viral capsid (CA) protein represents one such potential new target. CA is sufficient to form mature HIV-1 capsids in vitro, and extensive structure-function and mutational analyses of CA have shown that the proper assembly,(More)
The identification of novel antiretroviral agents is required to provide alternative treatment options for HIV-1-infected patients. The screening of a phenotypic cell-based viral replication assay led to the identification of a novel class of 4,5-dihydro-1H-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrazol-6-one (pyrrolopyrazolone) HIV-1 inhibitors, exemplified by two compounds: BI-1(More)
The separation of DNA fragments by (slab or capillary) gel electrophoresis has been studied extensively. To characterize the separation achieved by such systems, one needs to understand the impact (and their dependency upon the experimental quantities) of two physical parameters: the electrophoretic mobility mu and the diffusion coefficient D. Three(More)
Although electrophoresis is one of the basic methods of the modern molecular biology laboratory, new ideas are being suggested at an accelerated rate, in large part because of the pressing demands of the biomedical community. Although we now have, at least for some methods, a fairly good theoretical understanding of the physical mechanisms that lead to the(More)